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How To Install Xubuntu 17.04


This tutorial guides you to install Xubuntu 17.04 in step-by-step. You’ll prepare 2 blank partitions first (20GB for main, and optionally 1GB for swap) nad use a USB flash drive as bootable media. You can apply this tutorial either for singleboot or dualboot mode. Total time needed for installation is only around 10 minutes (including all firmware & drivers). I hope this tutorial will be easy for any newbie and soon everyone can feel how joyful Xubuntu is. Happy installing!

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Note: this article is about installing. If you’re looking for something else, we have Xubuntu 17.04 review, complete 17.04 family download links, and zsync to cut download cost.

a. Preparations

Get Xubuntu 17.04: you can download it from this link. It’s about 1.2GB for 64bit and 1.3GB for 32bit.

Create 2 blank partitions: you need one blank partition at least 20GB, and (optionally) a smaller blank partition 1GB. First partition will be main, and second one will be swap partition. It’s better to prepare them before the actual installation.

Create bootable media: burn Xubuntu image into a USB drive using Unetbootin (available for Windows) or Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in). I choose USB drive because it’s cheaper than DVD but it’s up to you to use DVD instead.

Backup: if you would install Xubuntu in dualboot mode with another OS, make backup for your important data.

Example: I prepared my /dev/sda4 70GB as main partition, /dev/sda3 2.5GB as swap partition, and /dev/sda as the bootloader location. Note: the main partition I prepared was containing Ubuntu 17.04 (as you can see below) and I decided to wipe it.

b. Booting

Boot your computer into bootable media and you should enter Xubuntu Live Session. From this point, select “Try Ubuntu” and run the icon “Install Xubuntu 17.04” from desktop.

1. Select Language

First step: choose a language. This determines the whole user interface language later. Choosing English is safe.

2. Select No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” so the installation will finish quicker.

3. Select No Download

Third step: blank all choices on downloading/installing third-party programs. You can do anything like this after installation.

4. Select Something Else

Fourth step: choose “Something else” to enter full-control partitioning.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: on the advanced partitioning screen, choose the first blank partition you’ve prepared (in my example: /dev/sda4 70GB) > press Change button > on the Edit partition dialog determines Size=, Use as=”EXT4″, Format partition=”check on”, Mount point=”/” > OK.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on the advanced partitioning screen, and this is optional, select your second blank partition (the smaller one) > press Change button > on Edit partition dialog set Use as=”swap area”, Format this partition=”check on” > OK.

7. Determine Bootloader Location

Seventh step: select the location of the bootloader. It’s typically the parent disk of your main partition. See picture below for example, my main partition is /dev/sda4 so the parent is /dev/sda and I select this parent as my bootloader location. The partitions always have number on each of their name (/dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, etc.), while parent doesn’t (/dev/sda, /dev/sdb, etc.).

8. Start Installation

Eighth step: after determining all partitions, make sure all choices are correct, and then press Install Now. Once pressed, the actual installation begins and you cannot go back.

9. Enter User Info

Ninth step: you will be asked for 3 types of user info:

Geolocation: select your geolocation. This determines your local time/date, your currency, and local formatting. Yes, you can also change this after installation.

Keyboard layout: select your preferred keyboard. Xubuntu offers Japanese, Chinese, Russian, Arabic, and many more layouts if you need. However, default choice is safe.

Username: determine your own username & password here.

10. Wait The Progress

Tenth step: after entering all user info, you’ll wait Xubuntu System Installer to finish its job. While waiting, you’ll served with a gorgeous slideshow introducing Xubuntu. This should not take more than 15 minutes.

11. Installation Finished

After 10-15 minutes total time of installation, you’ll see Installation Complete dialog. This means it’s finished and you can enjoy Xubuntu right now.





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How To Install Ubuntu MATE 17.04

This tutorial explains how to install Ubuntu MATE 17.04 for beginners. It requires a main partition at least 20GB, and (optionally) a swap partition at least 1GB. The whole installation progress takes only around 10 minutes, including all hardware drivers. You can install 17.04 as a replacement for Windows or even dual-booting with it. Be happy with the secure, free as in freedom, and complete OS Ubuntu MATE!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.


This article is about installing. If you’re looking for something else, we have Ubuntu MATE 17.04 review, 17.04 family download links, and what to do after install.

a. Preparations

  • Get Ubuntu MATE 17.04: download the ISO image here. If you want to cut download cost, zsync does a great job.
  • Create two blank partitions: one main partition at least 20GB, and (optionally) one swap partition at least 1GB. It’s better to prepare partitions before actual installation.
  • Create bootable media: burn Ubuntu MATE image into USB drive. You can use Unetbootin (available for Windows & GNU/Linux) or Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in).
  • Backup: make backup for you important data and pay attention while installing. Don’t be sleepy.
  • Example: I installed Ubuntu MATE 17.04 on my ASUS X44C laptop with /dev/sda5 30GB as main partition, /dev/sda3 2GB as swap partition, and /dev/sda as bootloader location.

b. Booting to Ubuntu MATE

Plug your bootable media in and set your BIOS to to enter Ubuntu MATE 17.04. In selection screen, choose “Try Ubuntu“. Then run the “Install Ubuntu MATE 17.04” icon on the desktop.

1. Select Language

First step: choose a language. This is the language of the further whole interface of Ubuntu MATE. For this example, I choose English.

2. Select No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” so the installation will go quicker.

3. Select No Download

Third step: blank any option for downloading. This also makes the installation quicker.

4. Select Something Else

Fourth step: choose “Something else” option. This option will bring you to the full control partition manager.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: this is the partition manager. Choose your previously-prepared main partition > press Change > determine Size=, Use as=”EXT4″, Format=”check on”, Mount point=”/” > press OK. See picture below.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on the same partition manager, select your second previously-prepared partition > press Change > determine Use as=”swap area”, Format=”check on” > OK.

7. Select Bootloader Location

Seventh step: choose the location for bootloader. This should be the parent disk of your main partition. Suppose the main partition is /dev/sda5, then the correct bootloader location is /dev/sda. The unnumbered one is the parent.

8. Continue Installation

Eighth step: press “Install Now” button. Once you press this, you cannot go back and the actual installation will be going. Please make sure all your settings from Fifth-Seventh steps are all correct.

9. Determine User Info

Ninth step: after pressing “Install Now”, the real installation happens. At this step, you will be asked for 3 user info:

Region
Choose your geographical region. This determines your time and date setting, including currency and local formatting.

Keyboard
Choose your keyboard layout. The default choice is safe, but if you don’t use English-US, you may choose Japanese or Arabic layout instead.

Username
Determine your username, password, and computer name.

10. Wait for Progress

Tenth step: after entering all user info, the installer will show you a beautiful slideshow introducing Ubuntu MATE. Behind this, the actual installation is going and you can see the progress by clicking white triangle below. Total installation duration on my laptop is only around 10 minutes.

Installation Finished

Once finished, the installer prompts a dialog for you whether stay on Live Session or restart instead. You can choose “Restart Now” and use Ubuntu MATE 17.04 happily.





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GNU/Linux Review: Ubuntu MATE 17.04 Zesty Zapus


Ubuntu MATE 17.04 has been released at April 13th 2017. Here is a review for this user-friendly, desktop-oriented operating system with highly customizable interface and complete set of software. It keeps the same user-experience from the old Ubuntu GNOME2 era while also providing 4 other desktop layout choices (that resemble OS X, Windows, and Unity plus a Netbook-friendly look) and user can transform between them anytime. With only around 550MB of RAM idle use and the latest MATE 1.18, Ubuntu MATE 17.04 becomes an ultimate desktop choice for everyone. I hope you’ll enjoy this review and be comfortable with 17.04.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

1. Overview

This is the user interface of Ubuntu MATE 17.04. It features double panel (top-bottom) with menu on top-left, system tray on top-right. The control buttons are located at top-right on every window (as opposite to Unity). 17.04 features 5 different desktop forms that is interchangeable easily.

Desktop with menu

Menu is located on top and is in drop-down style.

Typical window on 17.04

See the titlebar: the control buttons are on top-right. This resembles typical window on Microsoft Windows.

Icons on Desktop

The desktop is usable on Ubuntu MATE to place shortcut icons. And also the panel is usable as well to place them.

System tray

The tray is also on top. Special for network applet, the user opens it by right-click.

2. Wallpapers

These are the wallpapers of Ubuntu MATE 17.04. They are stored at /usr/share/backgrounds/ubuntu-mate-zesty directory. They are contributed by Ubuntu MATE Community and my favorite is Ubuntu MATE Sunset by Antechdesigns.

3. Desktop Transformation

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 provides you 5 different desktop forms: Windows-like, MacOS-like, GNOME2-like, Unity-like, and Netbook-oriented looks.

How to Switch

You can transform your desktop by changing Panel Layout on MATE Desktop. It’s located at menu > System > Preferences > Look and Feel > MATE Tweak.

Windows-like (Redmond)

A bottom panel, bottom-left corner menu, Super key to open menu, plus system tray on bottom-right corner. It has no top panel. If you switch to Ubuntu MATE from Windows or KDE, this form suits you. For most users, I recommend this form for daily use.

GNOME 2-like

This is the default form. But MATE Tweak here provides Fedora Layout, Ubuntu MATE Layout, and GNOME2 Layout. So if you are formerly Fedora or GNOME 2 user, you’ll feel like home by these.

Unity-like (Mutiny)

You can also have Unity-like desktop by changing panel layout to Mutiny. Even it has global menu (but in my system, it cannot show the submenu as crashing on every click).

MacOS-like (Pantheon)

This is the reason why Plank is included. If you are formerly MacOS user, with top panel and bottom dock, you’ll like this form.

Netbook (Netbook)

This is the screen-space-saving form. It has a single top panel as task bar, menu bar, and system tray. It has no bottom panel. It will suit you while using small laptops. And yes, if you’re formerly XFCE user, you’ll familiar with this.

Compose Your Own

You can edit the layout as you wish and save it. That would be your own layout theme. You can, for example, adding top panel with autohide function and Plank. Save the result via MATE Tweak.

4. Desktop Themes

There are dark and light themes available built-in. If you need bright colors you will like RadiantMATE (see screenshot).

If you need dark theme, you will like AmbiantMATE Dark.

And if you want the nostalgic one, use TraditionalOK. This is the replacement of classic Clearlooks theme from the beloved old Ubuntu era e.g. 8.04 Hardy Heron.

Even if you need Windows 98 theme, it’s preinstalled under the name WinME.

5. Memory Usage

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 uses around 550MB of RAM at idle time after freshly installed. This is a lower cost comparing the same 17.04 releases: Ubuntu Budgie uses ±800MB and Ubuntu Unity uses ±1GB. But it’s still higher than Xubuntu with ±330MB or even Kubuntu with ±400MB. I can count Ubuntu MATE 17.04 as suitable for all computers especially the old ones with at least 1GB of RAM.

Total

It consumes around 550-590MB or RAM when idle. A very good number to beat Ubuntu Unity.

Details

What eats my RAM the most? By showing all processes System Monitor shows caja (68MB), Xorg (62MB), and blueman-applet (54MB) as the top three.

6. Default Applications

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 brings complete set of software for daily use. Here is a table to display some.

td p { margin-bottom: 0in; }p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }

Category Application Version
Web browser Firefox 52
Office suite LibreOffice 5.3
Email client Thunderbird 45
File manager Caja 1.18
Image viewer Shotwell 0.22
Video player VLC 2.2.4
Audio player Rhythmbox 3.4.1
Application store Software Boutique 17.04
Package manager GDebi 0.9.5
Control panel MATE Control Center 1.18
Tweak tool MATE Tweak 17.04
Webcam manager Cheese 3.24
DVD burner Brasero 3.12
Scanner manager Simple Scan 3.24
IRC client HexChat 2.12
PDF reader Atril 1.18
Download manager Transmission 2.92
Desktop zoomer Xzoom 0.3

7. File Management

Caja File Manager handles all files and folders for you. Caja has multitabbing (Ctrl+T) and vertical split (F3) features, along with file search, remote login (SFTP), open in terminal, and easy look-and-feel customization.

Caja capabilities

  • Multitabbing
  • Split view
  • Remote login via FTP/SFTP
  • Up button
  • Devices list on panel
  • Bookmarks

Tree and Places View

It’s how sidebar is displayed. Left: tree view, right: places view.

Folder’s Color

On Ubuntu MATE, user can change the folder color easily using right-click. This fancy feature is very fun.

Folder’s Emblem

User can put some emblems to any folder. For example, put Video emblem to a folder containing videos. We know this feature was super popular on the old GNOME 2 and disappeared since GNOME 3. I’m glad that this good feature is still alive. Thanks to MATE Developers.

8. Audio/Video

Ubuntu MATE can play MP4 video, MP3 audio, and also stream YouTube via built-in VLC Media Player. Ubuntu MATE can also play OGG/FLAC audio using Rhythmbox (MP3 support are not preinstalled but available on repo).

Playing MP4

Streaming YouTube

To do so, press Ctrl+N > go to Network tab > paste URL to the text box > press Play.

Playing Audio

Here, Rhythmbox playing some OGG audio files.

9. Add/Remove Programs

Program installation in Ubuntu MATE 17.04 is very easy with Software Boutique. This is the fresh and awesome software center that has clean interface and user-friendly. With this program user can find and install software from Ubuntu Official Repository. Important note: Boutique will offer you another software centers (Synaptic & GNOME Software) in case the number of software displayed here is limited.

Front Page

This is the interface of Boutique. It has icon-centric appearance with simple layout.

Categories

It has a horizontal panel showing icons to represent categories. To mention some: Accessories, Education, Games, Graphics, until Universal Access.

Displaying Software

This is how software displayed on Boutique. It shows each software with a description and a few buttons, arranged in table with double column. Personally I like this way of displaying because it’s easier to distinguish one from another.

Details of A Software

Clicking Details button reveals the details of software sucah as license, platform, and source (whether it’s from official repo or PPA). It also shows screenshot.

Note: you can run Software Boutique manually using a command $ ubuntu-mate-welcome –software-only .

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 also features GDebi so we can install .deb package by right-click.

10. Daily Life

This section displays some example of Ubuntu MATE instant use on everyday life. This features calendar, desktop search, chatting, office documents, and customization.

Calendar

Ubuntu MATE uses Thunderbird as calendar & schedule manager program. It comes with Lightning addon. It can sync your online calendar (Fruux, Google) as well as managing your own offline calendar.

Desktop Search

Ubuntu MATE provides ability to search file very fast and it can search through file content. This is an ability needed by programmers (e.g. to find some function on what files). Picture below demonstrates how to find files containing the word “latex”.

Chatting

There is Hexchat preinstalled for IRC chatting. The main purpose for the users is so they can contact worldwide users and developers on official IRC channel of Ubuntu MATE: #ubuntu-mate @ freenode. If you have any problem, you can ask there.

Office Document

LibreOffice 5.3 is featured as main office suite. LibreOffice is a complete and free office suite that supports both document format from Microsoft Office (docx/xlsx/pptx) and ODF (odt/ods/odp).

Customization

As already mentioned, with Control Center and MATE Tweak you do all customizations. But also it’s easy to

  • add or remove panel
  • add applets (my recommendation: Netspeed Indicator)
  • edit panel thickness
  • edit panel background image and transparency
  • preinstalled advanced menu (Linux Mint-like menu)
  • place your most frequently accessed files on desktop
  • right-click on desktop

You can compare these to, for example, Ubuntu Unity where you can’t change the panel or add one there. Desktop on Ubuntu MATE is more customizable.

Open in Terminal

User can open terminal from any current directory by right-click. For formerly another distro users, this feature is important.

11. Programming Purpose

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 brings language interpreters:

  • Perl 5.41
  • Python 2.7.13
  • Python 3.5.3
  • GNU awk 4.1.4
  • GNU sed 4.4
  • GNU bash 4.4.5

And for text editor 17.04 brings Pluma 1.18 and vim 8.0. So user can, for example, code in Python 3 immediately without installing additional programs. If the user needs another stuffs, they can install any of compilers, interpreters, IDEs, and libraries by issuing command such as:

  • Java OpenJDK: $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk
  • GCC: $ sudo apt-get install gcc
  • G++: $ sudo apt-get install g++
  • Netbeans: $ sudo apt-get install netbeans
  • Eclipse: $ sudo apt-get install eclipse
  • Qt Creator: $ sudo apt-get install qtcreator
  • Emacs: $ sudo apt-get install emacs

And Ubuntu MATE provides you MATE Search Tool you can use to find some strings or functions inside any file.

12. Technical Details

  • OS name: Ubuntu MATE
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Support lifespan: 9 months (until January 2018)
  • Kernel: Linux 4.10
  • GNU: coreutils 8.26, binutils 2.28, glibc 2.24, libstdc++ 6.3.0, bash 4.4, gpg 2.1.15
  • GTK+ version: 3
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Distro family: Debian derivative
  • Package manager: dpkg, apt
  • Package format: .deb
  • Architecture: 32 and 64 bit
  • Init system: systemd
  • Desktop environment: MATE 1.18
  • Window manager: Marco & Compiz
  • Display server: X Window System 7.7
  • ISO size: 1.7GB
  • Developer: Ubuntu MATE Team
  • Website: https://ubuntu-mate.org

12. Conclusion

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 is a good choice for all desktop purposes with instant needs (multimedia and daily tasks). It takes only around 550MB of RAM at idle time is a incredibly positive surprise for GTK+3-based OS at 2017. It means everyone can use modern GNOME2 (with fully GTK+3) on any computer especially the old one (at least it should have 1GB of RAM) and have a good life. Its complete set of preinstalled software is a plus point so clearly we can recommend Ubuntu MATE for anyone especially those liking Ubuntu but cannot choose Unity/GNOME because of hardware requirements. Thanks to Ubuntu MATE Team!

Release Notes





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How To Install Kubuntu 17.04


This tutorial guides you to install Kubuntu 17.04 operating system step-by-step. You’ll prepare a main partition, a swap partition, and do installation steps using a bootable USB drive. Kubuntu can be installed on PC and laptop, and this tutorial is applicable for both. It’s easy and I hope you’ll enjoy the beautiful Kubuntu 17.04 soon!

Note: this article is about installing Kubuntu 17.04. If you’re looking for review, it’s available here.

Preparations

Get Kubuntu 17.04: download the ISO image from this list of links. You can cut down your bandwidth cost by downloading via zsync.

Two partitions: prepare 2 blank partitions, one at least 20GB for main partition, and another one at least 1GB for swap partition. Preparing partitions before installing is best for most users.

Installation media: burn the image into a USB flash drive. You can use tool like Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in) or Unetbootin (available for Windows & GNU/Linux). Read the tutorial for Disk Utility or Unetbootin. If you don’t have any USB drive, just burn it into a DVD instead.

Be careful: make backup for your important data, don’t be sleepy, and read every step carefully. Please understand that you do the installation at your own risk.

Example: I did this installation on my laptop (ASUS X44C 64 bit) with 70GB /dev/sda4 as main partition and 2.5GB /dev/sda3 as swap partition

Booting to Kubuntu Live

Plug your USB drive in and boot your computer into USB. While entering Kubuntu 17.04 desktop screen, run “Install Kubuntu” icon on desktop.

1. Select Language

First step: choose your language. This choice will be the default user interface language of Kubuntu.

2. Select No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” so installation can finish faster.

3. Select No Download

Third step: blank the choices of downloading any program while Kubuntu installing. This also makes installation faster.

4. Select Manual Partitioning

Fourth step: choose Manual for disk setup. This choice is equal to “Something Else” on Ubuntu installation.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: on Prepare Partitions screen, choose the biggest blank partition you’ve prepared > select Change > edit partition:

  • Size in megabytes: already determined
  • Use as: EXT4
  • Format: yes (check on)
  • Mount point: /

then press OK > wait until main partition prepared.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on Prepare Partitions screen, choose the smaller blank partition you’ve prepared > press Change > set Use as: swap area > OK. Now you have two partitions for Kubuntu: main and swap.

7. Select Bootloader Location

Seventh step: still on Prepare Partitions screen, at Boot Loader section below, choose the disk location where your main partition belongs. For example, my main partition is /dev/sda4 so the disk for bootloader should be /dev/sda.

8. Continue Installation

Eighth step: please re-read all settings you’ve conducted, and if you are sure, press Install Now to proceed to the actual installation. After pressing this you cannot go back.

9. Enter Personal Info

Ninth step: while installation is progressing, Kubuntu installer asks you for your geolocation, keyboard layout, and desired username.

Geolocation: choose where you live. This determines Kubuntu system timezone, currency, and local formats/units.

Keyboard layout: choose your preferred keyboard layout. While the default option is safe for most users, there are available Japanese, Chinese, and Greek options.

Username: now create your username and password here. You can also choose to login automatically (enter desktop without password) or not.

Installation Finished

Kubuntu 17.04 installation takes around 10 minutes only. Once finished, it asks you to continue testing (stay on live session, e.g. to copy some screenshots) or restart. Enjoy Kubuntu!





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GNU/Linux Review: Kubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus



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Kubuntu 17.04 has been released on April 13th 2017. This review introduces some aspects of Kubuntu from it’s appearance, memory usage, to default software and customization. It’s surprisingly more lightweight in memory use than Ubuntu Unity, with gorgeous and Windows-like look, with complete default applications. This Zesty Zapus release is a good start for any new user to choose Kubuntu as daily OS for personal and collective purposes. Enjoy Kubuntu!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

Note: this article is a review for Kubuntu 17.04. If this is not what you’re looking for, we have complete download links of all 17.04, how to install Ubuntu Zesty, and save bandwidth by using zsync.

1. Appearance

The desktop of Kubuntu 17.04 has traditional layout, closely Windows-like with bottom-left menu, bottom-right tray, and top-right close-max-min buttons. This type of desktop helps end-users adapting from Windows.
Overview
Look at the bottom panel and icons on wallpaper. You may add shortcut icons as many as you like on desktop (and also on panel) easily.
Menu
This menu can do search for installed applications, your folders, and you files (yes, with content-based search).
What about Super key? Yes, Kubuntu 17.04 supports Super key to open/close the menu by default. Surely this is more Windows-like and favorable for many users.
What about hot-corner? It’s still available but now it’s located at top-right corner not top-left anymore.
What about desktop effects? It’s activated by default and still configurable from System Settings.

2. Wallpapers

Kubuntu 17.04 did not hold any wallpaper contest so it doesn’t bring any new one this time. But this is the only one wallpaper available.

3. Memory

After freshly installed at idle time, Kubuntu 17.04 consumes around 400MB of RAM.
Total

It’s around 380-400MB of RAM at idle time.

Details
From Kubuntu running on my ASUS X44C 2GB, at fresh idle time, the most consuming processes are plasmashell (~100MB) and kwin_X11 (30-100MB). plasmashell is the program that runs the whole desktop, while kwin_x11 –as its name states– is the drawer of each window frame/decoration, and both of them are part of KDE Plasma.

4. Default Applications

Kubuntu 17.04 ships with complete set of daily applications. From mainstream desktop needs such as LibreOffice and Dolphin, to KDE Telepathy that supports many messaging protocols, until KDE Partition Manager to help you format/resize disk partition.
Category Program Name
Office suite LibreOffice 5.3
File manager Dolphin 16.12
Browser Firefox 52
Mail client Kmail 5.2.3
Desktop notes Knotes 5.2.3
App store Discover 5.9.4
Image viewer Gwenview 16.12
PDF reader Okular 1.0.3
Desktop environment KDE Plasma 5.9
Calendar Korganizer 5.2.3
Audio player Amarok 2.8
Video player Dragon Player 16.12
RSS reader Akregator 5.2.3
Personal information manager Kontact 5.2.3
IRC client Konversation 1.6
Disk management KDE Partition Manager 3.0
CD burning K3B 17.03
Java OpenJDK JRE 8
Phone sync KDE Connect 1.0.3

5. Repo

Kubuntu 17.04 uses the same repository as Ubuntu 17.04. So it provides more than 70000 packages you can install anytime. You can search/install software available using Plasma Discover app. This Discover on Kubuntu holds the same position as Ubuntu Software Center on Ubuntu Unity.
Discover
Installing Software
To install software in Kubuntu (for example: VLC Media Player): run Discover first > do a search for “vlc” > then press its Install button > enter your Kubuntu password. Make sure your internet connection is on and let it progressing. Once finished, you can access the installed VLC from menu. This modern method makes software searching and installation easier for end-users.
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Sources.list
The sources.list content is all the same zesty as any other official flavor.

6. Audio/Video

By default, Kubuntu can play OGG, OGV, and WEBM (open formats). To play MP3 and MP4, Kubuntu needs additional programs to be installed. If you need one, just install VLC.

7. Documentation

Kubuntu 17.04 ships with offline and online documentations. The offline one is preinstalled, you can access it from menu > Help. In this Help Center you can read every help for every KDE Application, plus command line documentations (UNIX Manual Pages), and also GNU Info (Browse Info Pages). And, the online documentation is available at http://docs.kubuntu.org.

8. Customization

KDE Plasma, the desktop environment Kubuntu uses, is well-known for being the most customizable desktop on GNU/Linux. Thanks to KDE System Settings, Kubuntu desktop appearance and behavior can be changed easily by mouse clicks.
System Settings
To change the icon theme, go to Appearance > Icons > select one theme > Apply. To change the window decoration theme, to to Appearance > Application Style > Window Decoration > select one theme > Apply. To change the button style, go to Appearance > Application Style > Widget Style > select one style. Here I changed the default Plasma 5.9 theme into the old Oxygen theme.
Installing New Theme
In “Window Decoration” section for example, there is a Get new Themebutton. This connects you with the KDE online repository so you can search and install many themes available.
Shortcut Keys
You can make any shortcut key as you wish easily using System Settings. Access it from Workspace > Shortcuts > Custom Shortcuts.

9. Daily Life

Mainstream desktop purposes are already fulfilled by Kubuntu 17.04. You find here LibreOffice for your documents, Firefox and KMailfor browsing and emailing, Discover to find software, and the full featured file manager Dolphin to handle all your files. Furthermore, here you have the complete & user-friendly System Settings, the ability to compress & extract ZIP/TAR files using Ark, and you have decent disk management tool like KDE Partition Manager. It’s really a complete OS for daily desktop needs.
File Management
Kubuntu gives you the complete-featured file manager, Dolphin. It has all basic file management features, plus split view (F3) and multitab, support for MTP and tree-view. One of the most awesome feature is built-in terminal (F4) so you don’t need “right-click > Open in Terminal” anymore. Dolphin is very configurable and flexible, the best file manager you can see on GNU/Linux desktop.
h2 { line-height: 150%; }h2.western { font-family: “Liberation Sans”,sans-serif; font-size: 16pt; }h2.cjk { font-family: “Noto Sans CJK SC Regular”; font-size: 16pt; }h2.ctl { font-family: “FreeSans”; font-size: 16pt; }p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }a:link { }
ZIP & Archive Files
This is Ark opening a ZIP file of Android Studio. You can also create ZIP file by right-click > Compress > select ZIP format on Dolphin file manager. Plus, Ark can also open any ISO image file for you.
KTorrent
Ubuntu features Transmission, while Kubuntu features KTorrent. This is the gorgeous BitTorrent download manager from KDE. While you need to download any GNU/Linux distro, audio & videos, or another big files via torrent, KTorrent is always ready for you to use.

10. Commercial Support

Kubuntu 17.04 offers commercial support via Emerge Open at http://kubuntu.emerge-open.com/buy. They say at the web page “… a team of dedicated full-time Kubuntu experts able to advise, consult, implement or fix any Kubuntu related requirements …”.

11. Technical Details

  • OS name: Kubuntu
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Support lifespan: 9 months (until January 2018)
  • Kernel: Linux 4.10
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Package management: Debian-based dpkg & apt
  • Package format: .deb
  • Architecture: 32 bit & 64 bit
  • Desktop environment: KDE Plasma
  • ISO size: 1.6GB
  • License: free software
  • Source code: CDIMAGE, Launchpad

Conclusion

Kubuntu 17.04 is a desktop OS that’s ready for daily use. It has lower idle memory use (400MB) than Ubuntu Unity (1GB) or Ubuntu Budgie (850MB) and offers Windows-like interface & experience, suitable for those migrating from Windows. Its default applications are complete and desktop-oriented, with good support for desktop customization through System Settings. The software installation is pretty easy using Discover, and this will be a new thing to explore for new users. I can recommend Kubuntu for any user using computer with 2GB of RAM or more, but not below. Be happy with Kubuntu Zesty!

Some Tips

Here’s some tips when you’re using Kubuntu 17.04:
  • Disable drop shadow (compositor): go to System Settings > Hardware > Display & Monitor > Compositor > uncheck the “Enabled compositor…” option. This saves your memory usage a lot, especially when you’re using memory-hungry Firefox 52 or above.
  • Disable Akonadi services: run $ akonadictl stop in Konsole. Surely this saves more memory.
  • Fix font appearance: go to System Settings > Appearance > Fonts > change Use anti-aliasing to “Enabled” > click Configure > change Sub-pixel rendering to “RGB” > change Hinting style to “Slight” > OK > relogin.

Get Involved!

If you’re interested to Kubuntu, you can contribute in many ways. You can donate to Kubuntu, or help coding & packaging, or translating the user interface, all you can learn from this link http://www.kubuntu.org/contribute-to-kubuntu/.

Release Notes





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How to Upgrade from Ubuntu 16.10 to Ubuntu 17.04



Ubuntu 17.04 released, codenamed “Zesty Zapus”; bringing yet another version of a remarkable operating system in the Ubuntu ecosystem, with the latest and some of the greatest open source technologies in a high-quality, easy-to-use…

[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]





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How To Install Ubuntu Budgie 17.04


This is a simple guide to install Ubuntu Budgie 17.04. Because Ubuntu Budgie is a new comer to Ubuntu family, we believe this tutorial will be needed by many beginners. This will explain installation on a laptop by first preparing blank partitions to make it safer for most beginner users. This installation will need at least 20GB of disk space. The total time needed is only 10 minutes. It’s quick and easy with gorgeous OS Ubuntu Budgie. Enjoy!

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Note: this article is about installing Ubuntu Budgie 17.04. If you need something else, we have the review, complete download links for all 17.04 family, and how to cut download cost with zsync.

a. Preparations

Get Ubuntu ISO image. You can use zsync to cut download cost. Here the complete download links for 17.04.

Prepare 2 blank partitions: one at least 20GB will be main partition, and one (at your option) 1GB will be swap partition.

Prepare installation media: burn the ISO image into USB drive, this is the most common method today. You can use Unetbootin (Windows/Ubuntu), Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in), or Multisystem.

Make backup: have full concentration while installing, don’t be sleepy, and make sure you’ve created backup for your important data.

Example: I prepared my /dev/sda4 70GB as main and /dev/sda3 2.5GB as swap. The bootloader will be installed to /dev/sda as the parent device for both main & swap.

b. Boot to Installer

After making the installation media, you should insert it into your computer > reboot > enter BIOS > change the first boot into USB drive (or CDROM if you use DVD) > save & reboot > on the Ubuntu Budgie live session welcome choose “Try Ubuntu Budgie”. On the desktop you should run the program “Install Ubuntu Budgie 17.04” so the installer window is ready.

1. Choose A Language

First step: select English on the language selection. However, if you see your mother language available, you can choose it instead.

2. Choose No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” to make the installation process quick.

3. Choose No Downloading

Third step: make sure there is no check on “Install third-party…” so it won’t waste the time to do something you rather do it after install.

4. Choose Something Else

Fourth step: choose “Something else”. This gives you full control over all your disk partitions.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: on the partition table, choose the main partition you’ve prepared > click “Change” > make sure the “Size” is 20GB or more > choose “Use as” = Ext4 > check on “Format partition” > choose “Mount point” = / > click OK.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on the partition table, choose the second, smaller partition you’ve prepared > choose the “Use as” = swap area > click OK.

7. Choose Bootloader Location

Seventh step: select disk location where the GRUB bootloader will be placed. Generally, the default choice is safe. However, to make it sure, it should be the disk where your main partition belong. So if your main partition is /dev/sda4 then the correct disk location will be /dev/sda. See that /dev/sda4 is a partition inside /dev/sda.

8. Start Installing

Eight step: begin the installation by clicking “Install Now”. Remember that by pressing this button you cannot go back. So make sure all your partitioning decisions are correct.

9. Determine Your Info

Ninth step: after clicking Install Now, the actual install will be performed, and you will be asked for 3 basic info:

9.1 Geolocation

Click on the map where you’re living. This determines your time & date setting, regional formats (such as money currency), and even holidays.

9.2 Keyboard Layout

Select your keyboard layout here. However, default selection is safe.


9.3 Username

Determine your username and password for Ubuntu here.


Waiting

After filling 3 personal info, the installation window will take you to see beautiful slideshow introducing Ubuntu Budgie. The total installation time is around 10 minutes only in my machine.

Installation Finished

Once finished, the installer will inform you. You have the choice to stay on the live session or just reboot. Now enjoy Ubuntu Budgie 17.04!





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GNU/Linux Review: Xubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus

Please welcome Xubuntu 17.04, a newly released GNU/Linux OS with very low memory consumption and pretty desktop interface. It ships with XFCE 4.12, Firefox 52, and LibreOffice 5.3. It consumes only around 330MB of RAM at idle time, very convenient for low-end and old computers. It provides complete and large number of software on official repository, a big win for powerful computers for serious purposes. Xubuntu 17.04 is released at same day as Ubuntu 17.04, April 13th 2017. And this is a review to introduce you how great Xubuntu 17.04 is.

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First Time to Xubuntu Zesty?

Don’t worry. You can have complete download links, how to install it (the steps are similar to Ubuntu Unity), know what to do after install, or use zsync to save bandwidth while downloading. Indeed, Xubuntu is a very user-friendly (and also machine friendly) operating system with huge comunity worldwide.

1. Desktop Overview

Here is the desktop interface of Xubuntu 17.04. It’s very traditional with cascading menu (plus a search bar) and also you can put app icons on desktop. This traditional concept really helps people who came from Microsoft Windows.

Default View

Icons on Desktop

What’s XFCE? XFCE is a desktop environment created by The XFCE Project for GNU/Linux and any other Unix-like OS. It blends simplicity and beauty, power and speed, so the user gets a low-resource desktop yet beautiful and customizable.

What’s Whisker Menu? XFCE has 2 types of menu, and Whisker is the greatest one. Xubuntu installs it by default as your top-left menu. Whisker is customizable and has more features.

How about Super key? Yes, Xubuntu supports Super key to open/close desktop menu. It’s the same as Unity or Windows.

Can I customize the interface? Of course and pretty well! Despite its calm & simplicity, XFCE is actually “the beast” when it comes to desktop art. See Xubuntu Settings and you’ll see them.

2. Wallpapers

These are Xubuntu 17.04 wallpapers. They’re the same as Xubuntu wallpapers for 16.04. Different to Ubuntu Budgie, there’s no wallpaper contest for 17.04. If you want to know more about this contest, see winners announcement. However, I must admit that I like this set more than Ubuntu Budgie’s and Ubuntu Unity’s one, especially Mountainous View by Sven Scheumeier. How about you?

3. Memory Usage

At idle time after freshly installed, Xubuntu 17.04 consumes around 330MB of RAM constantly. It’s a happy surprise to cost very small memory requirements while we can have a beautiful desktop, functional & powerful one in 2017. This beats Ubuntu Zesty (1GB), Ubuntu GNOME Zesty (1.4GB), and even elementary OS Loki (600MB). I can recommend Xubuntu 17.04 for all people as many as I can, including those having 512MB RAM computers or any Windows 10 user there.

Total

As you can see, it’s around 330MB out of 2GB RAM on my laptop.

Details

From my desktop, the top memory-consuming processes are Xorg (50MB), blueman-applet (50MB), and nm-applet (30MB). If you notice the picture above, actually we can safely disable blueman-applet and update-notifier to get lower memory use. The sum of them are still 1/3 of Ubuntu Unity and even almost 1/5 of Ubuntu GNOME, all Zesty versions. So Xubuntu’s still highly recommendable for old/low-end computers.

4. Default Applications

Xubuntu 17.04 ships with plenty of good free software.

  • Office suite: LibreOffice 5.3 (Writer, Calc, Math)
  • Web browser: Firefox 52
  • Email client: Thunderbird 45.8.0
  • Chatting: Pidgin 2.12
  • File manager: Thunar 1.6.11
  • Control panel: Settings Manager 4.12.1
  • Calendar: Orage 4.12.1
  • App store: GNOME Software 3.22.7
  • Terminal: XFCE Terminal 0.48
  • Media player: Parole 0.9.1
  • CD/DVD burner: Xfburn 0.5.4
  • PDF reader: Evince 3.24
  • Menu editor: MenuLibre 2.1.3

5. Repository

Xubuntu repository is the same as Ubuntu Regular’s one. So, there are more than 70000 packages available to install for Xubuntu 17.04. This huge numbers of package covers all human computing needs, anything from kids education until complex scientific calculations. You want graphic design tools, or video games, or audio editor, or programming libraries, just search them on repo. Xubuntu ships with GNOME Software to make searching & installing easy for you.

Our “App Store”

Looking for “games”

6. Audio/Video

Xubuntu by default can play MP3, MP4, OGG, WEBM, and FLV multimedia formats thanks to Parole Media Player. You are not required to install any external program anymore. Picture below shows Parole playing MP3 audio & FLV video files.

7. Desktop Customization

XFCE is one of the top customizable desktop environments. You can use its System Settings to do almost all customizations, like changing theme and icons; colors and style. This is a special part that should mentioned separately here.

Theme Changing

Altering installed themes is very easy on Xubuntu, thanks to its System Settings. As you see in picture below, by default I can change the window borders to translucent and the theme into Numix.

Menu Editing

Xubuntu ships with MenuLibre program to allow you add/edit menu entries. This makes end-users more comfortable because they can change any icon, change the command, or add new entry, especially for application that is installed manually (like Telegram).

Custom Shortcut Keys

Xubuntu has a very flexible way to edit shortcut keys and to add custom ones. Like picture below, I assign Super key to Whisker Menu (as you know in Windows).

8. Daily Life

What you need for daily computing? Most users will come with web browsing, text editing (office documents), email, graphic design, software development, or anything around such things. Also, people needs easy software installation system. Xubuntu fulfills those all needs.

Files: your daily life will occur on Thunar file manager. It has very simple interface, yet functional and lightweight as well (low memory use). Press F9 to hide/show sidebar, press Ctrl+L to type an address, right-click > Find in this folder to search a file, these are the simplicities offered.

Office documents: you have LibreOffice, the best free office suite available for all operating systems. It supports .docx/.xlsx,/.pptx as well as .odt/.ods/.odp documents. This is an example Writer opening .odt file of an UbuntuBuzz Ebook.

PDF reading: you have Evince. It’s a small yet functional PDF reader.

Browsing: you have Firefox, the well-known browser. Here’s some good addons recommendation for you.

Mail & RSS: config Thunderbird so can read your Gmail locally, without browsing. It has also RSS reader built-in.

Open in Terminal: Thunar supports right-click > Open Terminal Here to make your life easier anytime you need command line. This feature is very helpful whenever you need to follow a tutorial performing a command in specific directory, especially to install a single .deb package.

Desktop search: you have Catfish. It can search for any file on any folder you wish, and greater than that, search file contents (just like googling). Imagine you need a file you forgot the name, but you remembered the text inside, then Catfish is there for you.

CD/DVD creation: you have Xfburn. Imagine you sell CDs and you need program to burn files (like Nero Burning ROM on Windows), then you don’t need to stop your business, because Xfburn is there for you.

9. Documentation

Xubuntu 17.04 ships with a preinstalled complete guide book. It’s very cool! It’s available both in web page and PDF formats. It consists of 14 chapters arranged in user-friendly fashion. See picture below, left for PDF and right for Web, they’re the same documentation.

To access it:

  • Web: go to menu > Help > Firefox will show the page > click the “Official Documentation” link.
  • PDF: open the Document Viewer > open the PDF in /usr/share/xubuntu-docs/user/C/.

10. Technical Details

  • OS name: Xubuntu
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Release date: April 13th 2017
  • Support lifespan: 9 months
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Developer: Xubuntu Project
  • License: free software
  • Architecture: 32 bit & 64 bit
  • ISO size: 1.2GB
  • Desktop environment: XFCE 4
  • Init system: systemd
  • Source code: https://code.launchpad.net/ubuntu
  • Website: https://xubuntu.org

11. Conclusion

Xubuntu 17.04 is really beautiful and functional. I can recommend it for any of you that have only 1GB of RAM (while I cannot with Ubuntu 17.04), or any of you that have old computers, or even any of you that have powerful computers but doesn’t like the memory-hungry Unity or GNOME. For the same Zesty Zapus release, Xubuntu is clearly more lightweight than Ubuntu, Ubuntu Budgie, and of course Ubuntu GNOME. Xubuntu 17.04 fulfills both the daily life needs and the low-cost hardware requirements. And the last thing, the built-in documentation is complete and worthy for all users.

Release Notes





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GNU/Linux Review: Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus


This is a review of Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus with both Unity 7 and 8 desktop environments. This release is beautiful as always, ready for serious use, and complete with more than 70000 packages on official repository. It will be supported for 9 months until January 2018. Finally, I hope this review helps people to find how Ubuntu is and what’s interesting from 17.04. Enjoy!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.


Note: this article is a review of Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus. If you’re looking for another one about Zesty, we already have complete download links, how to install, what to do after install, and Ubuntu Budgie review. If you want to save your bandwidth, download Ubuntu using zsync.

1. Desktop Overview

This is the desktop appearance of Unity on Ubuntu 17.04. The default desktop you login at first time is Unity 7.

Running Desktop

As previous release, Unity desktop is still having contemporary control-buttons (top-left of window, instead of top-right). It uses Ambiance theme (black-oriented top bars & panel) and Ubuntu Icon Theme as the desktop art composition.

Desktop Menu (“Dash”)

There’s no changes for the Dash appearance, it’s still the same. And yes Unity supports Super key to open/close the Dash. The contents are categorized by Filters (right) and Lenses (bottom).

Dash showing apps
Dash previewing picture

2. Unity 8

This is the desktop interface of Unity 8. It’s preinstalled on Ubuntu 17.04 alongside the default Unity 7. To show Unity 8 you should logout, then choose “Unity 8” on login screen (click on little Ubuntu button upper the username), and login.

Running Desktop

As you can see, the desktop looks unique with different theme and also right sidebar (it reminds us to Budgie, right?). It has its own System Settings, different to the Unity 7’s one. The look and feel of this whole interface is very mobile-oriented.

Desktop Menu

If Unity 7’s Dash tends to spread horizontally, then Unity 8’s Dash tends to spread vertically. It’s a typical smartphone interface with touchscreen.

What’s Unity 8? It’s the next generation Unity prepared to “convergence” (one interface for both desktop & mobile computers.

How’s its future? Sadly, Canonical announces that they will stop Unity 8 development. But happily, there is Yunit the new Unity 8 continuation from Yunit.io Project.

How convenient is it? Many GUI programs don’t work on Unity 8, such as Nautilus. But GNOME Calendar works well. So it’s not ready for daily desktop use. I wish Yunit will go further making Unity 8 stable for daily life, like Unity 7.

3. Memory Usage

At idle time after freshly installed, Ubuntu 17.04 consumes around 1GB of RAM. It’s no difference to the previous version Ubuntu 16.10. For any desktop user, 1GB is often considered too huge although it’s still lower than Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 Beta 1 (idle 1.4GB). To compare it, there are even lower ones which are elementary OS Loki (600MB) and Neon with KDE 5.8 (350MB).

Total

It walks around 980-1000 MB at idle.

Processes

It’s almost like a tradition to see compiz as the most memory-hungry process. Here are top three: compiz 72MB, Xorg 26MB, and gnome-software 15MB. Often, compiz goes wild until more than 100MB.

4. Wallpapers

They are new beautiful wallpapers. These wallpapers are the winners of Ubuntu 17.04 Wallpaper Contest held on Flickr. If you’re a photographer and interested to know more about this contest, see Ubuntu wiki. My favorite one is Forest by Moritz Reisinger, how about you?

5. Default Applications

Ubuntu 17.04 brings newest GNOME 3.24 components and also new version of many applications.

  • Nautilus 3.20.4
  • LibreOffice 5.3.1
  • Firefox 50.1
  • Thunderbird 45.8
  • Ubuntu Software 3.22.7
  • Control Center 14.04.3
  • Shotwell 0.22
  • Snap 2.23.6
  • Transmission BitTorrent 2.92
  • Remmina Remote Desktop 1.1.2
  • NetworkManager 1.4.4

6. Repository

Ubuntu 17.04 provides really huge number of programs on its repo. It’s around 70000 packages available, all installable using APT or Synaptic. And don’t forget you can use user-friendly Ubuntu Software to install them.

Ubuntu Software

This is our “App Store”. All apps categorized in user-friendly format. You can also search any software.

Sources.list

Here is the content of /etc/apt/sources.list file. It lists the addresses of repository server used by Ubuntu 17.04.

Number of packages

By invoking $ apt-cache stats command we can see how many packages available on repo.

7. Daily Life

This part emphasize some info you may use as daily needs. Ubuntu 17.04 is a stable OS with complete set of software on repo, ready to use for any purpose.

Customization

Easy desktop customization can be done using Unity Tweak Tool. This tool covers many aspects of your desktop and change them quickly. Don’t worry, it can restore to defaults if you do any mistake.

Ubuntu also has a “Control Panel”, the System Settings. You change your basic system preferences here, like regional format, time, mouse/touchpad settings, monitor, etc.

Documents

You have the greatest free office suite on Ubuntu: LibreOffice. It supports both ODF and Microsoft Office documents. And it’s 5.3 on 17.04 so it has the ribbon-like Notebookbar.

Graphic Design

Plenty of free design tools are available on repo. Replace Photoshop with GIMP, CorelDRAW with Inkscape, and InDesign with Scribus. They’re available on repo.

Animation

It’s probably surprising that Ubuntu provides great 2D animation software as well as the 3D one. If you were a user of Macromedia Flash MX, you’ll like Synfig Studio and Tupi 2D. If you like 3D Studio Max, you’ll like Blender. They’re all available on repo.

Software Development

Ubuntu 17.04 includes both gcc and g++ compilers (6.3.0), both Python 2 and Python 3 interpreters (2.7 & 3.5), Perl (5.24), and also build-essential package is preinstalled. It means Ubuntu is ready for you to do programming for most languages. Besides, there are more devel tools available on repo such as OpenJDK and Eclipse, MonoDevelop, Qt Creator, and so on.

Image Mounter

Imagine you need to “mount” an ISO image file. You can do it instantly on Ubuntu 17.04 because there’s preinstalled GNOME Image Mounter program. See how easy it’s done here.

8. Mirror List

These are some local mirrors for 17.04 in some countries. By using this, your Ubuntu will download packages from server in your country instead of international server. You can find a nearest mirror to you from List of Ubuntu Archive Mirrors. Note: to use a mirror, just replace the URL on each line in your sources.list into one of these URL addresses.

Indonesia

Datautama Company http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu
Buaya Surabaya http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu

Japan

University of Tsukuba http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/Linux/ubuntu
University of Toyama http://ubuntutym.u-toyama.ac.jp/ubuntu

United States

Kernel.org http://mirrors.us.kernel.org/ubuntu
University of California, Berkeley http://mirrors.ocf.berkeley.edu/ubuntu

United Kingdom

University of Kent http://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
University of Oxford http://mirror.ox.ac.uk/sites/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu

9. Technical Details

This part shows some technical info about Ubuntu 17.04.

  • OS name: Ubuntu
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Release date: April 13th 2017
  • Platform: desktop
  • Architecture: 32 bit, 64 bit
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Support type: regular, nonLTS
  • Support lifespan: 9 month
  • Image size: 1.5GB
  • Init system: systemd
  • Display server: X11, Mir
  • Desktop environment: Unity
  • Source code: Launchpad, CDIMAGE

Conclusion

Overall, there’s no special changes inside Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus compared to previous version 16.10 Yakkety Yak. It’s still as user-friendly, complete (as in software packages), and suitable for daily-desktop-life as before. It’s ready for serious use at least on 2GB of RAM but I recommend you 4GB of RAM (like mine) to use Ubuntu 17.04 because it’s very flawless on it. However, sadly, Ubuntu 17.04 with built-in Unity 8 is not enough, not ready for serious use.

Contribute!

If you want to get involved in Ubuntu development, you can begin from Community Contribution Page. To report bugs, use this link. To join or see historical archive, see this list of all Ubuntu mailing lists. And to donate & help Ubuntu development financially see funding page.

Release Notes





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Welcome Ubuntu Budgie 17.04: A Short Review


Ubuntu Budgie begins its debut as official Ubuntu family in 17.04 “Zesty Zapus” release. It’s a new choice of flavors with new desktop environment (Budgie) as operating system for us. Ubuntu Budgie is crafted purely for desktop use, no tablet-like interface (like Unity or GNOME), thanks to Budgie DE. So I want to introduce Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 to beginners especially if they’re new to GNU/Linux. I hope you’ll enjoy Ubuntu Budgie starting from this review.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

Note: this article is a review. If this is not you’re looking for, we have Ubuntu 17.04 all flavors complete download links, installation guide, and what to do after install. If you want to save your bandwidth, download Ubuntu 17.04 using zsync.

Summary

  • It comes with Budgie Desktop Environment and Plank.
  • It’s not mobile/tablet oriented (like Unity/GNOME), but crafted merely for desktop use.
  • It consumes around 850MB of memory at idle.
  • It comes with GNOME Software 3.22 and Calendar 3.24.
  • It supports audio/video playing with MPV player & Rhythmbox.
  • It gives user-friendly customization through Raven and Menu Editor.

1. Desktop Overview

Here is Budgie Desktop Environment (BDE) on Ubuntu Budgie 17.04. The main differences between it and Ubuntu regular is the desktop interface: UB uses Budgie and UR uses Unity, UB is purely desktop oriented while UR is more mobile-oriented. Furthermore, Ubuntu Budgie features Plank by default.

Super key? Yes, Ubuntu Budgie enables Super key to open/close desktop menu. It’s the same as Windows as well as Unity and GNOME.

What’s Budgie? Budgie is a desktop environment best known created for Solus OS by Ikey Doherty. Budgie is the whole desktop you see on Ubuntu Budgie. Its interface consists of two main component: top panel and Raven (right-vertical sidebar). Unlike Unity or GNOME, Budgie is never intended to be mobile-oriented interface.

What’s Raven? It’s the right sidebar of BDE. User can see notifications or do customizing on it.

What’s Plank? It’s the left vertical panel by default, a dock for apps. It can be placed on bottom to mimic MacOS dock or the legendary AWN.

2. Wallpapers

Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 features new wallpapers stored at /usr/share/backgrounds/. These are the wallpaper contest winners at February 2017.

3. Memory Usage

After freshly installed, at idle time Ubuntu Budgie uses around 850MB of RAM. Surprisingly the “biggest” processes are fwupd (~40MB) and gnome-software (~40MB), and they’re not original components of BDE itself. By this fact, it’s lower than Ubuntu 16.10 (1GB), Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 (1.4GB), and deepin 15.4 (1.GB); although it’s higher than KDE Neon 5.8 (350MB) or elementary OS Loki (600MB).

Total

Processes List

4. Built-in Software

Ubuntu Budgie brings mainstream applications like Ubuntu regular, with some differences:

  • LibreOffice (Writer, Calc, Impress)
  • Chromium Browser
  • GNOME Apps: Calendar, Photos, Books, Weather, Maps
  • Geary Mail
  • System Settings
  • Rhythmbox
  • MPV
  • Terminix

    5. Repository

    Being “official flavor” means having the same repository with Ubuntu original flavor. So all the software available for Ubuntu are available too for Ubuntu Budgie. There are more than 70000 packages available in official repo for 17.04. On Ubuntu Budgie, you can search/install them using GNOME Software.

    GNOME Software

    Repo Sources

    To see all enabled repository addresses, read /etc/apt/sources.list file. They are all the official Ubuntu repo for 17.04.

    6. Multimedia

    At default install, Ubuntu Budgie can play OGG & WEBM and also MP3 & MP4. All videos handled by GNOME MPV.

    Playing MP4

    Playing FLV

    Playing OGG

    7. Daily Life

    What makes Ubuntu Budgie different to Ubuntu regular and flavors would be your daily life experiences with it. Because of BDE, you’ll have unique desktop behaviors and customizations. This part emphasizes that briefly.

    Customizing Desktop

    It’s very easy on Raven (the right sidebar) with few clicks to –for example– change desktop icons, theme, panel, and add some applets. Raven brings new concept to custom themes/icons by sidebar, and Unity on Ubuntu Regular doesn’t have it.

    Customizing Menu

    Imagine you can change GIMP icon or add new icons or rearrange icons on menu. That’s the Menu Editor job. Ubuntu Budgie features this nice tool. It means you can create menu easily for any program you install manually, e.g. from AppImage, that is not automatically add themselves on menu. It’s very suitable for desktop users when software installation is not always come from official repo.

    Notification Bubble

    The bubble is playable. When you’re playing any audio, and you pause it, the bubble shows control buttons.

    Notification History

    All notifications don’t disappear but listed historically on Raven. On Ubuntu regular, there’s no notification history.

    Unique Terminal

    Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 features Terminix as replacement to GNOME Terminal on Ubuntu regular. Terminix enhances your experience by featuring tiled view, you can divide one screen into many screens side-by-side.

    Weather

    Ubuntu Budgie features GNOME Weather by default. By this app, you can check local weather while online. It can also check weathers from different locations you specified. It’s very helpful while you love travelling for example.

    8. Conclusion

    Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 is very user-friendly and complete for desktop use. By default install you get BDE, general tools for desktop needs, easy customization, and audio/video support. Ubuntu Budgie is new for Ubuntu users but really by these all it’s worthy for you to try.

    9. System Details

    This part lists some technical details about Ubuntu Budgie 17.04.

    • Kernel version: 4.10
    • GNU bash version: 4.4.5
    • Budgie 10.2.9
    • Nautilus 3.20.4
    • Chromium 56
    • LibreOffice 5.3.1
    • Snap 2.23.6
    • Terminix 1.4.2
    • Plank 0.11.3
    • GNOME Software 3.22.7 (it supports Flatpak & Snappy)
    • GNOME Calendar 3.24 (it supports week view now)

    Release Notes





    Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/LyIJBBP_nOo/welcome-ubuntu-budgie-1704-short-review.html