How To Install Debian 9 “Stretch” DVD1 with GNOME Desktop

This tutorial guides you to install Debian 9.0 with GNOME Desktop through Graphical Installer from DVD1. You’ll first prepare 2 partitions as main and swap, then make a bootable USB and finally run the installation in step-by-step. You can follow this tutorial in either singleboot or dualboot mode. This tutorial is simplified for Ubuntu users who are never installed Debian. Happy installing!

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a. Summary

There are at least 9 steps to go through the Debian 9.0 Graphical Installer:

  1. Choose language
  2. Choose keyboard
  3. Configure network
  4. Setup username & password
  5. Partitioning
  6. Install base system
  7. Configure APT package manager
  8. Install desktop environment (GNOME)
  9. Install GRUB bootloader

b. Download Debian DVD

You just need DVD1 to install Debian. Download the DVD1 (as 3.5GB) and not the LiveDVD version one (2.2GB). Here’s Debian 9.0 Download Links.

c. Prepare 2 Partitions

You need to create 2 blank partitions to be the main and swap. Main partition is the place where Debian OS belongs (like C: for Windows) while swap partition is a virtual memory & hibernate storage. For main, give it at least 20GB and not less. For swap, it’s optional, you may give it 1GB. You can do this with GParted Partition Editor on Ubuntu LiveCD or such.

For example, for this installation tutorial I created 2 partitions:

  • main partition /dev/sda6 as 42GB
  • swap partition /dev/sda3 as 2.6GB

d. Create Bootable USB

Don’t use Unetbootin! Use dd command instead. For example, change the ‘X‘ with your USB drive letter and ‘debian.iso‘ with your Debian image file:

sudo dd bs=5M if=debian.iso of=/dev/sdX status=progress && sync

If you don’t know the steps, learn it from creating a Debian-based OS bootable USB drive.

e. Booting

Reboot your computer to USB and you should see a Debian splash screen here. Choose “Graphical Install” from the choices.

1. Choose Language

First step: select a language. This will be the whole language on your desktop & applications.

2. Configure the Keyboard

Second step: select a keyboard layout. Default choice is safe.

3. Configure The Network

Third step: ignore the network interfaces shoice and press “Go Back” instead. This should bring you to the list of installation steps.

4. Usernames & Passwords

Fourth step: this is the most important step, determine 2 things: root password and your own account’s password. Without root password, later, you cannot configure your system and cannot install programs (worse, even you cannot install ‘sudo’).

Root password:
Determine a password for the root superuser of Debian.

Nonroot Username:
Define your own account’s username.

Nonroot Password:
Define your account’s password.

This could be your real name or anything.

5. Partitioning

Fifth step: create main partition and swap partition.

Choose Manual Partitioning:
Press “Manual” and press Continue.

Edit main partition:
Double-click the main partition you’ve prepared and edit its properties like these:

Edit swap partition:
Do the similar thing to make swap partition.

What it should look:
See here the swap and the main partition entries. Make sure they look like that.

Select “Finish partitioning” and continue.

6. Install Base System

Sixth step: after finishing the partitions and continue, the installer will install base system. Base system is the basic OS Debian should be but without GNOME desktop. You should wait for ±20 minutes (it depends on your hardware specs).

7. Configure Package Manager

Seventh step: after installing base system, you’ll be asked to configure APT package manager. You can go through with “Yes” or any selection here in offline mode (without network connection). Ignore any error here because you can reconfigure anything once Debian installed.

8. Install GNOME Desktop

Eighth step: select GNOME from the software selection. This will install GNOME Desktop as the user interface for this Debian 9.0.

9. Install Bootloader

Ninth step: determine GRUB Bootloader to be installed so you (if dualboot) can choose between OSes at booting time.

Select YES:
The installer is smart it could detect another OSes installed on the same computer. See below, it detects my Ubuntu 12.04 and 17.04, the other OSes on my laptop. So select “Yes” and Continue.

Choose your parent disk:
For example, if your main partition is /dev/sda6, then the parent is /dev/sda.

Finish Installation

Once finished, Debian asks you to reboot. Press Continue and enjoy your Debian 9.0 Stretch with GNOME desktop.

Source link:


Download Links for Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya”

Linux Mint 18.2 “Sonya” has been released at Sunday 02 July 2017. This including Cinnamon, MATE, XFCE, and KDE editions. I show here download links as well as torrent links, plus some mirrors, release notes links, and of course the checksum table. Enjoy this user-friendly GNU/Linux OS and share it with your friends. You can download them all right now!

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1. Linux Mint Cinnamon Edition

Direct link:

Direct link:

2. Linux Mint MATE Edition

Direct link:

Direct link:

3. Linux Mint XFCE Edition

Direct link:

Direct link:

4. Linux Mint KDE Edition

Direct link:

Direct link:


You can verify the validity of each ISO image using this SHA256SUM table:

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Some ISO Mirrors

Here are some countries’ mirrors of Linux Mint images you can use:

Release Notes

Source link:


Debian 9 “Stretch” Download Links & Release Info

If you want to download Debian 9 “Stretch” GNU/Linux, I list here download links for 32 and 64 bit architectures via HTTP and BitTorrent. You’ll get direct links for both DVD and LiveDVD, followed by some release info. You just need to click any link below to download Debian. This list also contains mirrors for some countries. Finally, I hope this list helps all users a lot.

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A. Debian Installer (Non-LiveCD)

DVD 64bit

Note: to install Debian, you just need to get DVD 1.


Hash checksum:

DVD 32bit

Note: to install Debian, you just need to get DVD 1.


Hash checksums:

B. Debian LiveDVD

LiveDVD 64bit

Debian Cinnamon
Debian GNOME
Debian KDE
Debian LXDE
Debian MATE
Debian XFCE

Hash checksums:

LiveDVD 32bit

Debian Cinnamon
Debian GNOME
Debian KDE
Debian LXDE
Debian MATE
Debian XFCE

Hash checksums:

Torrent, 64bit

Note: to download torrent, use Transmission free software on GNU/Linux, Windows, or Mac OS X.

Debian Cinnamon
Debian GNOME
Debian KDE
Debian LXDE
Debian MATE
Debian XFCE

Hash checksums:

Torrent, 32bit

Note: to download torrent, use Transmission free software on GNU/Linux, Windows, or Mac OS X.

Debian Cinnamon
Debian GNOME
Debian KDE
Debian LXDE
Debian MATE
Debian XFCE

Hash checksums:


Here is some mirrors from some countries followed with list of another mirrors. Download Debian from a mirror instead when you find links above are slow.

Installation Guides

If you want to install Debian, read the official manuals.

Release Summary

Here I mention some interesting news from release notes of Debian 9:

  • PowerPC architecture support is dropped.
  • CDs release are now dropped, as Debian 9 is now released as 12-14 binary DVDs and 12 source code DVDs.
  • MIPS 64 Little Endian is the new architecture supported.
  • Debian 9 is an LTS version supported for next 5 years.
  • GNOME version is updated to 3.22, KDE Plasma version is updated to 5.8.
  • MariaDB replaced MySQL.
  • Total 51000 binary packages and 25.000 source code packages on Debian 9.

Release Notes

Source link:


Wonderful Things on elementary OS Loki 0.4.1

I want everyone to know how easy to use elementary OS is. This is not what’s-new-review, rather, this is an intro to elementary OS Loki 0.4.1 for new users. You’ll find elementary OS is a just-work, ready-to-use OS as a free replacement for Windows and Mac OS X. This review introduces you to its AppCenter, calendar, email client, file manager, System Settings, and see how easy daily tasks are done with them. I believe you’ll be interested, so I also mentioned how to support elementary development below. Finally, elementary is a very beautiful OS and with just-work features it becomes wonderful. Enjoy it!

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This is a review for Loki 0.4.1. If you want something else, don’t hesitate to download Loki 0.4.1 or read previous Loki release review.

1. Easy-to-use AppCenter

AppCenter, the elementary OS software store similar to PlayStore, is very easy to use. We can find software and install it by few clicks. Every installation requires a simple password authentication. We will get version 0.2 or above on Loki 0.4.1.

2. User-Friendly Calendar

Maya, the elementary OS calendar app, is advanced inside its gorgeous look. You can setup your Google Calendar account so easily in less than 10 seconds (yes, that’s real). Also, you can setup your CalDAV calendar account (e.g. service) in similar manner. I admit using Maya is truly easier than using GNOME Calendar, for now. We will get version 0.4 or newer on Loki 0.4.1.

3. Beautiful Mail Client

Geary, the elementary OS mail client similar to Outlook, is beautiful, simple, and ready for casual users. It’s very easy to setup Gmail account here, by just 10 seconds or less. It supports IMAP/SMTP for Gmail, Yahoo!, Outlook, and custom services.

And it’s hard to find account setup as easy as this:

4. File Manager

Pantheon Files, the file manager similar to Explorer, is very simplistic and it requires no skill to use. Even it doesn’t have menu or settings. So, all user interactions are done by clicks. Despite its simplicity, it has all features casual users need: multitab, MTP, connect to server (FTP/SFTP, WebDAV, etc.), folder color, disk space indicator, bookmark, and open in terminal. We will get version 0.3.4 above starting on Loki 0.4.1.

5. Easy to Update

The update manager inside AppCenter is also simplistic. You just find what software need to be updated, and just click update them.

6. Multimedia Support

Noise and Audience respectively are audio and video players of elementary OS. You see them on desktop as Music and Videos. They can play any multimedia format such as MP3 or MP4 (of course, OGG and WEBM as well) thanks to the inclusion of GStreamer plugins inside Loki. Because of this, any user should not worry anymore about playback.

7. Create WiFi Hotspot

On elementary OS Loki, by one click you can create a WLAN Hotspot easily. This is incredibly wonderful when you want to share your internet access to your friends (either for laptops or smartphones). You can try it, for example, connect your USB tethering to elementary OS and got to System Setttings > Hotspot > switch it on > give it a password > let your friends connect to your hotspot. How easy! Indeed, System Settings on Loki is wonderful.

8. Language & Keyboard

Do you need Arabic, Japanese, Chinese, or Russian keyboard layout? Add them yourself and change between them by one click. It’s so easy to do with System Settings > Keyboard > Layout > press Add (+) button > add more than one layout > see the keyboard choice appears on the top panel. Of course, it helps a lot whenever you’re a language teacher or writer.


Here, I should mention some important aspects good for you to know:

  • Memory consumption of Loki 0.4.1 at idle after freshly-installed is around 700MB. To compare it, the closest is deepin 15.4 700MB, while Ubuntu Unity 17.04 consumes 1GB, Ubuntu Budgie 800MB, Kubuntu 400MB. In fact, I can run it very smoothly on my ASUS X44C with 64bit Celeron 1.8Ghz & 2GB of RAM.
  • Loki 0.4.1 is based on Ubuntu 16.04.2 Xenial Xerus.
  • Loki 0.4.1 contains many many serial updates between December 2016 until April 2017.
  • It uses Linux kernel version 4.8.

For Whom Loki Is?

We can conclude that elementary OS Loki is for casual users that need 100% just-work system with simple, focused, and beautiful interface. Users can use elementary OS Loki on laptops and PCs, even Macintosh.

Support elementary OS

You can help elementary OS development by donating via Patreon or BountySource. You can also but their merchandise such as t-shirts or mugs at Store. If you’re software developer, you can sell or distribute your works on elementary OS’s AppCenter Dashboard. You can also be a part of elementary developer team at


Source link:


Download Links for elementary OS Loki 0.4.1

The gorgeous elementary OS Loki 0.4.1 has been released few days ago. This is an update to 0.4 version from 2016. Here are the download links (official + torrent) and the checksum. For your information, elementary OS doesn’t support 32 bit.


Get Involved

If you want to help elementary OS development, you can donate money to support them. Go to the Funding Page or directly to elementary on Patreon. You can also buy their official merchandise at Store.


Source link:


How To Install Xubuntu 17.04

This tutorial guides you to install Xubuntu 17.04 in step-by-step. You’ll prepare 2 blank partitions first (20GB for main, and optionally 1GB for swap) nad use a USB flash drive as bootable media. You can apply this tutorial either for singleboot or dualboot mode. Total time needed for installation is only around 10 minutes (including all firmware & drivers). I hope this tutorial will be easy for any newbie and soon everyone can feel how joyful Xubuntu is. Happy installing!

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Note: this article is about installing. If you’re looking for something else, we have Xubuntu 17.04 review, complete 17.04 family download links, and zsync to cut download cost.

a. Preparations

Get Xubuntu 17.04: you can download it from this link. It’s about 1.2GB for 64bit and 1.3GB for 32bit.

Create 2 blank partitions: you need one blank partition at least 20GB, and (optionally) a smaller blank partition 1GB. First partition will be main, and second one will be swap partition. It’s better to prepare them before the actual installation.

Create bootable media: burn Xubuntu image into a USB drive using Unetbootin (available for Windows) or Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in). I choose USB drive because it’s cheaper than DVD but it’s up to you to use DVD instead.

Backup: if you would install Xubuntu in dualboot mode with another OS, make backup for your important data.

Example: I prepared my /dev/sda4 70GB as main partition, /dev/sda3 2.5GB as swap partition, and /dev/sda as the bootloader location. Note: the main partition I prepared was containing Ubuntu 17.04 (as you can see below) and I decided to wipe it.

b. Booting

Boot your computer into bootable media and you should enter Xubuntu Live Session. From this point, select “Try Ubuntu” and run the icon “Install Xubuntu 17.04” from desktop.

1. Select Language

First step: choose a language. This determines the whole user interface language later. Choosing English is safe.

2. Select No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” so the installation will finish quicker.

3. Select No Download

Third step: blank all choices on downloading/installing third-party programs. You can do anything like this after installation.

4. Select Something Else

Fourth step: choose “Something else” to enter full-control partitioning.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: on the advanced partitioning screen, choose the first blank partition you’ve prepared (in my example: /dev/sda4 70GB) > press Change button > on the Edit partition dialog determines Size=, Use as=”EXT4″, Format partition=”check on”, Mount point=”/” > OK.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on the advanced partitioning screen, and this is optional, select your second blank partition (the smaller one) > press Change button > on Edit partition dialog set Use as=”swap area”, Format this partition=”check on” > OK.

7. Determine Bootloader Location

Seventh step: select the location of the bootloader. It’s typically the parent disk of your main partition. See picture below for example, my main partition is /dev/sda4 so the parent is /dev/sda and I select this parent as my bootloader location. The partitions always have number on each of their name (/dev/sda1, /dev/sda2, etc.), while parent doesn’t (/dev/sda, /dev/sdb, etc.).

8. Start Installation

Eighth step: after determining all partitions, make sure all choices are correct, and then press Install Now. Once pressed, the actual installation begins and you cannot go back.

9. Enter User Info

Ninth step: you will be asked for 3 types of user info:

Geolocation: select your geolocation. This determines your local time/date, your currency, and local formatting. Yes, you can also change this after installation.

Keyboard layout: select your preferred keyboard. Xubuntu offers Japanese, Chinese, Russian, Arabic, and many more layouts if you need. However, default choice is safe.

Username: determine your own username & password here.

10. Wait The Progress

Tenth step: after entering all user info, you’ll wait Xubuntu System Installer to finish its job. While waiting, you’ll served with a gorgeous slideshow introducing Xubuntu. This should not take more than 15 minutes.

11. Installation Finished

After 10-15 minutes total time of installation, you’ll see Installation Complete dialog. This means it’s finished and you can enjoy Xubuntu right now.

Source link:


How To Install Ubuntu MATE 17.04

This tutorial explains how to install Ubuntu MATE 17.04 for beginners. It requires a main partition at least 20GB, and (optionally) a swap partition at least 1GB. The whole installation progress takes only around 10 minutes, including all hardware drivers. You can install 17.04 as a replacement for Windows or even dual-booting with it. Be happy with the secure, free as in freedom, and complete OS Ubuntu MATE!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

This article is about installing. If you’re looking for something else, we have Ubuntu MATE 17.04 review, 17.04 family download links, and what to do after install.

a. Preparations

  • Get Ubuntu MATE 17.04: download the ISO image here. If you want to cut download cost, zsync does a great job.
  • Create two blank partitions: one main partition at least 20GB, and (optionally) one swap partition at least 1GB. It’s better to prepare partitions before actual installation.
  • Create bootable media: burn Ubuntu MATE image into USB drive. You can use Unetbootin (available for Windows & GNU/Linux) or Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in).
  • Backup: make backup for you important data and pay attention while installing. Don’t be sleepy.
  • Example: I installed Ubuntu MATE 17.04 on my ASUS X44C laptop with /dev/sda5 30GB as main partition, /dev/sda3 2GB as swap partition, and /dev/sda as bootloader location.

b. Booting to Ubuntu MATE

Plug your bootable media in and set your BIOS to to enter Ubuntu MATE 17.04. In selection screen, choose “Try Ubuntu“. Then run the “Install Ubuntu MATE 17.04” icon on the desktop.

1. Select Language

First step: choose a language. This is the language of the further whole interface of Ubuntu MATE. For this example, I choose English.

2. Select No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” so the installation will go quicker.

3. Select No Download

Third step: blank any option for downloading. This also makes the installation quicker.

4. Select Something Else

Fourth step: choose “Something else” option. This option will bring you to the full control partition manager.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: this is the partition manager. Choose your previously-prepared main partition > press Change > determine Size=, Use as=”EXT4″, Format=”check on”, Mount point=”/” > press OK. See picture below.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on the same partition manager, select your second previously-prepared partition > press Change > determine Use as=”swap area”, Format=”check on” > OK.

7. Select Bootloader Location

Seventh step: choose the location for bootloader. This should be the parent disk of your main partition. Suppose the main partition is /dev/sda5, then the correct bootloader location is /dev/sda. The unnumbered one is the parent.

8. Continue Installation

Eighth step: press “Install Now” button. Once you press this, you cannot go back and the actual installation will be going. Please make sure all your settings from Fifth-Seventh steps are all correct.

9. Determine User Info

Ninth step: after pressing “Install Now”, the real installation happens. At this step, you will be asked for 3 user info:

Choose your geographical region. This determines your time and date setting, including currency and local formatting.

Choose your keyboard layout. The default choice is safe, but if you don’t use English-US, you may choose Japanese or Arabic layout instead.

Determine your username, password, and computer name.

10. Wait for Progress

Tenth step: after entering all user info, the installer will show you a beautiful slideshow introducing Ubuntu MATE. Behind this, the actual installation is going and you can see the progress by clicking white triangle below. Total installation duration on my laptop is only around 10 minutes.

Installation Finished

Once finished, the installer prompts a dialog for you whether stay on Live Session or restart instead. You can choose “Restart Now” and use Ubuntu MATE 17.04 happily.

Source link:


GNU/Linux Review: Ubuntu MATE 17.04 Zesty Zapus

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 has been released at April 13th 2017. Here is a review for this user-friendly, desktop-oriented operating system with highly customizable interface and complete set of software. It keeps the same user-experience from the old Ubuntu GNOME2 era while also providing 4 other desktop layout choices (that resemble OS X, Windows, and Unity plus a Netbook-friendly look) and user can transform between them anytime. With only around 550MB of RAM idle use and the latest MATE 1.18, Ubuntu MATE 17.04 becomes an ultimate desktop choice for everyone. I hope you’ll enjoy this review and be comfortable with 17.04.

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1. Overview

This is the user interface of Ubuntu MATE 17.04. It features double panel (top-bottom) with menu on top-left, system tray on top-right. The control buttons are located at top-right on every window (as opposite to Unity). 17.04 features 5 different desktop forms that is interchangeable easily.

Desktop with menu

Menu is located on top and is in drop-down style.

Typical window on 17.04

See the titlebar: the control buttons are on top-right. This resembles typical window on Microsoft Windows.

Icons on Desktop

The desktop is usable on Ubuntu MATE to place shortcut icons. And also the panel is usable as well to place them.

System tray

The tray is also on top. Special for network applet, the user opens it by right-click.

2. Wallpapers

These are the wallpapers of Ubuntu MATE 17.04. They are stored at /usr/share/backgrounds/ubuntu-mate-zesty directory. They are contributed by Ubuntu MATE Community and my favorite is Ubuntu MATE Sunset by Antechdesigns.

3. Desktop Transformation

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 provides you 5 different desktop forms: Windows-like, MacOS-like, GNOME2-like, Unity-like, and Netbook-oriented looks.

How to Switch

You can transform your desktop by changing Panel Layout on MATE Desktop. It’s located at menu > System > Preferences > Look and Feel > MATE Tweak.

Windows-like (Redmond)

A bottom panel, bottom-left corner menu, Super key to open menu, plus system tray on bottom-right corner. It has no top panel. If you switch to Ubuntu MATE from Windows or KDE, this form suits you. For most users, I recommend this form for daily use.

GNOME 2-like

This is the default form. But MATE Tweak here provides Fedora Layout, Ubuntu MATE Layout, and GNOME2 Layout. So if you are formerly Fedora or GNOME 2 user, you’ll feel like home by these.

Unity-like (Mutiny)

You can also have Unity-like desktop by changing panel layout to Mutiny. Even it has global menu (but in my system, it cannot show the submenu as crashing on every click).

MacOS-like (Pantheon)

This is the reason why Plank is included. If you are formerly MacOS user, with top panel and bottom dock, you’ll like this form.

Netbook (Netbook)

This is the screen-space-saving form. It has a single top panel as task bar, menu bar, and system tray. It has no bottom panel. It will suit you while using small laptops. And yes, if you’re formerly XFCE user, you’ll familiar with this.

Compose Your Own

You can edit the layout as you wish and save it. That would be your own layout theme. You can, for example, adding top panel with autohide function and Plank. Save the result via MATE Tweak.

4. Desktop Themes

There are dark and light themes available built-in. If you need bright colors you will like RadiantMATE (see screenshot).

If you need dark theme, you will like AmbiantMATE Dark.

And if you want the nostalgic one, use TraditionalOK. This is the replacement of classic Clearlooks theme from the beloved old Ubuntu era e.g. 8.04 Hardy Heron.

Even if you need Windows 98 theme, it’s preinstalled under the name WinME.

5. Memory Usage

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 uses around 550MB of RAM at idle time after freshly installed. This is a lower cost comparing the same 17.04 releases: Ubuntu Budgie uses ±800MB and Ubuntu Unity uses ±1GB. But it’s still higher than Xubuntu with ±330MB or even Kubuntu with ±400MB. I can count Ubuntu MATE 17.04 as suitable for all computers especially the old ones with at least 1GB of RAM.


It consumes around 550-590MB or RAM when idle. A very good number to beat Ubuntu Unity.


What eats my RAM the most? By showing all processes System Monitor shows caja (68MB), Xorg (62MB), and blueman-applet (54MB) as the top three.

6. Default Applications

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 brings complete set of software for daily use. Here is a table to display some.

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Category Application Version
Web browser Firefox 52
Office suite LibreOffice 5.3
Email client Thunderbird 45
File manager Caja 1.18
Image viewer Shotwell 0.22
Video player VLC 2.2.4
Audio player Rhythmbox 3.4.1
Application store Software Boutique 17.04
Package manager GDebi 0.9.5
Control panel MATE Control Center 1.18
Tweak tool MATE Tweak 17.04
Webcam manager Cheese 3.24
DVD burner Brasero 3.12
Scanner manager Simple Scan 3.24
IRC client HexChat 2.12
PDF reader Atril 1.18
Download manager Transmission 2.92
Desktop zoomer Xzoom 0.3

7. File Management

Caja File Manager handles all files and folders for you. Caja has multitabbing (Ctrl+T) and vertical split (F3) features, along with file search, remote login (SFTP), open in terminal, and easy look-and-feel customization.

Caja capabilities

  • Multitabbing
  • Split view
  • Remote login via FTP/SFTP
  • Up button
  • Devices list on panel
  • Bookmarks

Tree and Places View

It’s how sidebar is displayed. Left: tree view, right: places view.

Folder’s Color

On Ubuntu MATE, user can change the folder color easily using right-click. This fancy feature is very fun.

Folder’s Emblem

User can put some emblems to any folder. For example, put Video emblem to a folder containing videos. We know this feature was super popular on the old GNOME 2 and disappeared since GNOME 3. I’m glad that this good feature is still alive. Thanks to MATE Developers.

8. Audio/Video

Ubuntu MATE can play MP4 video, MP3 audio, and also stream YouTube via built-in VLC Media Player. Ubuntu MATE can also play OGG/FLAC audio using Rhythmbox (MP3 support are not preinstalled but available on repo).

Playing MP4

Streaming YouTube

To do so, press Ctrl+N > go to Network tab > paste URL to the text box > press Play.

Playing Audio

Here, Rhythmbox playing some OGG audio files.

9. Add/Remove Programs

Program installation in Ubuntu MATE 17.04 is very easy with Software Boutique. This is the fresh and awesome software center that has clean interface and user-friendly. With this program user can find and install software from Ubuntu Official Repository. Important note: Boutique will offer you another software centers (Synaptic & GNOME Software) in case the number of software displayed here is limited.

Front Page

This is the interface of Boutique. It has icon-centric appearance with simple layout.


It has a horizontal panel showing icons to represent categories. To mention some: Accessories, Education, Games, Graphics, until Universal Access.

Displaying Software

This is how software displayed on Boutique. It shows each software with a description and a few buttons, arranged in table with double column. Personally I like this way of displaying because it’s easier to distinguish one from another.

Details of A Software

Clicking Details button reveals the details of software sucah as license, platform, and source (whether it’s from official repo or PPA). It also shows screenshot.

Note: you can run Software Boutique manually using a command $ ubuntu-mate-welcome –software-only .

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 also features GDebi so we can install .deb package by right-click.

10. Daily Life

This section displays some example of Ubuntu MATE instant use on everyday life. This features calendar, desktop search, chatting, office documents, and customization.


Ubuntu MATE uses Thunderbird as calendar & schedule manager program. It comes with Lightning addon. It can sync your online calendar (Fruux, Google) as well as managing your own offline calendar.

Desktop Search

Ubuntu MATE provides ability to search file very fast and it can search through file content. This is an ability needed by programmers (e.g. to find some function on what files). Picture below demonstrates how to find files containing the word “latex”.


There is Hexchat preinstalled for IRC chatting. The main purpose for the users is so they can contact worldwide users and developers on official IRC channel of Ubuntu MATE: #ubuntu-mate @ freenode. If you have any problem, you can ask there.

Office Document

LibreOffice 5.3 is featured as main office suite. LibreOffice is a complete and free office suite that supports both document format from Microsoft Office (docx/xlsx/pptx) and ODF (odt/ods/odp).


As already mentioned, with Control Center and MATE Tweak you do all customizations. But also it’s easy to

  • add or remove panel
  • add applets (my recommendation: Netspeed Indicator)
  • edit panel thickness
  • edit panel background image and transparency
  • preinstalled advanced menu (Linux Mint-like menu)
  • place your most frequently accessed files on desktop
  • right-click on desktop

You can compare these to, for example, Ubuntu Unity where you can’t change the panel or add one there. Desktop on Ubuntu MATE is more customizable.

Open in Terminal

User can open terminal from any current directory by right-click. For formerly another distro users, this feature is important.

11. Programming Purpose

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 brings language interpreters:

  • Perl 5.41
  • Python 2.7.13
  • Python 3.5.3
  • GNU awk 4.1.4
  • GNU sed 4.4
  • GNU bash 4.4.5

And for text editor 17.04 brings Pluma 1.18 and vim 8.0. So user can, for example, code in Python 3 immediately without installing additional programs. If the user needs another stuffs, they can install any of compilers, interpreters, IDEs, and libraries by issuing command such as:

  • Java OpenJDK: $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk
  • GCC: $ sudo apt-get install gcc
  • G++: $ sudo apt-get install g++
  • Netbeans: $ sudo apt-get install netbeans
  • Eclipse: $ sudo apt-get install eclipse
  • Qt Creator: $ sudo apt-get install qtcreator
  • Emacs: $ sudo apt-get install emacs

And Ubuntu MATE provides you MATE Search Tool you can use to find some strings or functions inside any file.

12. Technical Details

  • OS name: Ubuntu MATE
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Support lifespan: 9 months (until January 2018)
  • Kernel: Linux 4.10
  • GNU: coreutils 8.26, binutils 2.28, glibc 2.24, libstdc++ 6.3.0, bash 4.4, gpg 2.1.15
  • GTK+ version: 3
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Distro family: Debian derivative
  • Package manager: dpkg, apt
  • Package format: .deb
  • Architecture: 32 and 64 bit
  • Init system: systemd
  • Desktop environment: MATE 1.18
  • Window manager: Marco & Compiz
  • Display server: X Window System 7.7
  • ISO size: 1.7GB
  • Developer: Ubuntu MATE Team
  • Website:

12. Conclusion

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 is a good choice for all desktop purposes with instant needs (multimedia and daily tasks). It takes only around 550MB of RAM at idle time is a incredibly positive surprise for GTK+3-based OS at 2017. It means everyone can use modern GNOME2 (with fully GTK+3) on any computer especially the old one (at least it should have 1GB of RAM) and have a good life. Its complete set of preinstalled software is a plus point so clearly we can recommend Ubuntu MATE for anyone especially those liking Ubuntu but cannot choose Unity/GNOME because of hardware requirements. Thanks to Ubuntu MATE Team!

Release Notes

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How To Install deepin 15.4 GNU/Linux

This tutorial guides you to install deepin 15.4 GNU/Linux OS. You will need to prepare at least 20GB for main partition and (optionally) 1GB for swap partition. It takes around 15 minutes to complete the installation. And what makes it different is: installing this deepin 15.4 is very amusing with beautiful screens and gorgeous introduction slideshow. Try this and you will see that deepin installer is the easiest among all GNU/Linux desktop distros today. Be happy!

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Download deepin image: here the download links. It’s only available as 64 bit in 2.6GB size.

Prepare 2 partitions: you better prepare the partitions before performing installation. You will need a main partition at least 20GB and no less, and optionally a swap partition at least 1GB. You can partition your disk using the free and great software GParted.

Prepare installation media: burn the ISO image of deepin into a USB drive that has 4GB capacity or more. Optionally, in more classic way you can burn that into a DVD. However, this tutorial uses USB drive as example.

Example: I installed deepin 15.4 on my ASUS X44C laptop, using /dev/sda4 70GB as main partition and /dev/sda3 2.5GB as swap partition, and a 16GB USB drive as installation media. I installed the bootloader into /dev/sda as their parent disk.

Important! Make backup for your important data (if any) before doing partitioning and have best concentration while installing to avoid losing any data.

Boot to deepin

Plug the USB drive to your computer and make it boot into USB. You should see deepin screen whether it’s Live CD or Installation Screen. This tutorial takes Live CD as example.

1. Select Language

First step: choose your language.

2. Create Username

Second step: determine a username and its password, as the user account for your deepin OS. You can alse change the photo from the circle icon above the textbox. After creating username, don’t press Next but press Clock button on top-left corner of screen.

3. Select Geolocation

Third step: choose where on the world you’re living. This determines your time region, currency, and another local info.

Click time icon on top-left corner:

Then choose your place on map:

4. Select Keyboard Layout

Fourth step: choose your keyboard layout. The default choice is safe.

Click keyboard icon on top-left corner:

Then select a keyboard layout and press Next button:

5. Enter Advanced Partitioning

Fifth step: click on Advanced button so you enter Advanced Partitioning. I recommend this for most users.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: select your prepared first partition and click on edit button to make it main partition. See picture below:

Then on Edit Disk dialog determine (1) filesystem: ext4 (2) mount point: / (3) format the partition: check on and then OK. See picture below*.

*) Yes, at the time I made this screenshot, indeed, I made my formerly Ubuntu 17.04 as main partition for deepin on purpose so no problem.

6. Creating Swap Partition

Sixth step: no difference to fifth step, except you change the Filesystem selection to “SWAP”.

7. Select Bootloader Location

Seventh step: choose where on your disk to install the bootloader. A bootloader is the screen where you choose one of all operating systems available on your computer in every booting. The location you should choose is the parent disk where your main partition belongs, for example my main partition is /dev/sda4 so the parent disk is /dev/sda. If my main partition is /dev/sdb4, then the parent disk is /dev/sdb. Notice the difference between with and without ending number, partition and its parent disk. And so on.

Click on change bootloader on the advanced partitioning screen:

Then select the location:

8. Start Installation

Now recheck everything on summary on Prepare for Installation screen. Once you’re sure nothing wrong, press Continue to proceed the actual installation. Note that you cannot revert back after this.

While installing, deepin installer will show you an incredibly cool slideshow you perhaps hard to imagine. This installation takes around 15 minutes on my laptop.

Installation Finished

Once finished, deepin will say “Successfully Installed” and let you click Experience now to reboot. Be happy with deepin 15.4!

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A Visual Review to deepin 15.4 GNU/Linux Beauty

deepin 15.4 has been released on April 19th 2017. This review reveals the visual aspects of this beautiful GNU/Linux operating system. deepin is a very visual desktop OS where everything is accessible via GUI, and in 15.4 release it gets incredibly more user-friendly. The desktop and all native applications are very pretty, being unique with its own concepts, with simplicity on every layout. You will not find a desktop like this, not in MacOS, not in Windows, not even in Ubuntu, but only in Wuhan’s developed system: deepin. This review talks less on technical but more on visual appearance. I make this so all new users can see what’s wonderful about deepin.

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1. Overview

This is the user interface of deepin 15.4 with original wallpaper, bottom dock, and right sidebar. This review is going to examine its 3 main parts that are visually amusing: the desktop, the sidebar, and the dock.


The desktop menu appearance is fullscreen, not a cascading one like on KDE or Windows.

Login Screen

The login screen is also interesting. It shows simple design, with a centered login textbox, clock & date view on bottom-left corner. On lock screen (screen that locks your system after idling for certain time) you can still play audio (if Deepin Music is running behind) using control buttons on bottom-right corner. See play/pause and forward/backward buttons below.

2. Desktop Concept

User interacts with deepin via 3 main desktop components: the menu, the sidebar, and the dock. Every application window has top-left close button, with menu button on the titlebar. All user & system settings done via sidebar (called Control Center) that can be shown by pointer-pushing, click on gear button, or right-click on desktop. Shortcut icons can be placed on desktop. The dock position choices are 4 (top-bottom-left-right), and its visual choices are 2 (MacOS-like dock or Windows-like panel). By seeing these facts we can grasp the concept of deepin user interface that is mixing many aspects from Windows & MacOS.

3. Wallpapers

These are 24 new wallpapers for deepin 15.4. They’re stored at /usr/share/wallpapers directory. As you may know, this set of wallpaper is beautiful like always, with very nice photographic quality.

The way to change wallpaper is very familiar: right-click on desktop > Set Wallpaper > select one.

4. Memory Usage

It’s still important to see memory info although this review is less technical. For you’re curious, after freshly installed at idle time deepin 15.4 consumes around 730MB of RAM. It’s surprisingly low compared to its Beta Version (reviewed), lower than Ubuntu Zesty (1GB), Ubuntu Budgie (850MB). This 700MB is a cheap cost for its beauty, although deepin can’t beat Kubuntu Zesty (400MB) and Xubuntu (330MB).


Surprisingly, deepin 15.4 consumes only around 730MB of RAM at idle time after freshly installed.


To see more precisely, the most memory consuming processes here are python2 (48MB), deepin-wm (37MB), dde-launcher (33MB), and dde-dock (25MB). If you look closely, almost all hugest processes are deepin native’s, as a cost of its beauty. And you should notice that python2 at the top is a process that runs Deepin Screenshot (the program I use to take these screenshots).

5. Installer

deepin 15.4 features a new OS installer that is very simple and focused. The design reflects the 15.4 style that is translucent. This installer has similar steps to Ubiquity (the system installer of Ubuntu), but with username creation in the beginning and of course its visual amusement.

6. Sidebar

deepin has its own control panel as right sidebar, called Control Center. This sidebar covers all system settings, plus the awesome visual GRUB bootloader editor. The sidebar can be opened in 3 ways: by pushing pointer to bottom-right corner, by clicking on gear button, or by opening any component (e.g. right-click on desktop > Display Settings).

Bootloader Visual Editor

User can rearrange GRUB entries and change the background image from deepin sidebar. It’s very cool to see it could avoid non-tech users’ mistakes in editing GRUB manually. This feature is brilliant, I cannot find any other distro brings such feature. But again, Deepin Team made this simple and pretty, with just two slide buttons, a drag-n-drop picture to change background, and drag to rearrange entries.

System Details

If you want to see Details, OS version and hardware summary, you see it on sidebar. Scroll to the most bottom. It lies over License and Startup Menu entries. It shows generic info such as deepin version (15.4 Desktop), architecture (64Bit), processor & memory. It shows the name of deepin developer as well, Wuhan Deepin Technology.

6. Dock, Close Up

The dock has two modes, Fashion (default) and Efficient. Those are just the languages. Actually, Fashion is the MacOS-like dock, and Efficient is the Windows 7-like taskbar. Deepin Dock features multiple size selections (large-medium-small), locations (top-bottom-left-right), and smart hide (hidden-shown-smart). I can grasp the deepin dream here to attract both Windows and MacOS users by this feature. And furthermore, KDE and Cinnamon users might be interested to deepin by this.

8. Dock, Panel Mode

The panel mode resembles Windows 7 taskbar so much. I can understand this feature is for Windows users. You can enable this mode by right-click on dock > Mode > Efficient Mode. Again, this panel and its tooltips are translucent following 15.4 style and that’s beautiful.

9. Dock, Dock Mode

This is the default mode. It can also be placed on the 4 edges of screen. The dock has standard features like add & remove icons, eject disks, control sound volume, and session control (shutdown/logout).

10. Audio Player

deepin 15.3 can play MP3 by default using Deepin Music. It supports OGG audio as well. The interface is simple, with all buttons on bottom panel, without any menubar (so it’s different to Rhythmbox or Amarok). It supports favorite features such as playlist, shuffle, replay, lyric, resume from last position, and custom shortcuts. As you may guessed, Deepin Music is also simple in features, it doesn’t come with advanced features like equalizer, visualizer, speed control, repeat A-B, or such. Overall, this player fulfills the need of daily audio playing.

11. Video Player

Deepin Movie can play well-known format (MP4, FLV) and also libre format (OGV, WEBM) videos. This video player is simple on interface but complete on features. While playing video it hides all buttons and even titlebar, to make it similar to cinema, but one click reveals all buttons.

It may look simple, but it’s actually has many favorite capabilities: playlist, subtitle, fullscreen, preview tooltip (similar to YouTube), repeat, custom keyboard shortcuts, recent files, and play video from URL.

12. Menu

Menu in deepin has 2 modes: default and categorized. The latter is similar to Unity Dash on Ubuntu. You change menu mode by clicking on mode button on top-left corner. This menu is easy to navigate (it has only top-down movement) and easy to use. If you’re familiar with adding shortcut icon on desktop (Windows) or on Dock (MacOS), you’ll like this menu. Below I introduce you 4 awesome features of deepin menu.

You can add any icon to Dock by right-click > Send to Dock.

Also, you can add icon to desktop by right-click > Send to Desktop. This will give you the app shortcut on your desktop.

Beyond above two, you can also easily add any app to startup (will run every system starts) by right-click > Add to startup. This is a new thing on DE on GNU/Linux, because even Unity doesn’t allow you to add startup this easy.

The last and the best, you can uninstall any app by right-click > Uninstall > press Confirm while asked. This feature is incredibly user-friendly for most non-tech people (and we actually found this on Android) and deepin is the first to bring this on GNU/Linux desktops. You can imagine even kids and old people can use GNU/Linux by using deepin because the menu is very easy to control.

Anyway, by seeing the menu we can estimate that teaching GNU/Linux desktop to non-tech people using deepin will be easier too for us because its menu is undoubtedly easy. Good job, Deepin Team!

13. Icons on Desktop

If you missed icons on desktop while using another GNU/Linux or another desktop environments, something you loved so much on Windows, you’ll have it back on deepin 15.4. It doesn’t abandon this good feature, instead, it gives you amazing support from its menu (mentioned above). By using deepin you are not forced to “pin” icons only on panel, because you can place icons on both panel and desktop. Now you can quickly access again your favorite apps by your favorite method.

14. Right-Click on Desktop

When some desktop developers decided to run away from Windows by abandoning right-click on desktop, deepin gives this feature instead with beautiful translucent appearance. You can create new folder, auto-arrange icons, paste, select all, change wallpaper, change hot-corner, and change monitor settings. But please remember you don’t have Refresh button here because the desktop is refreshed automatically.

15. Desktop Effects

Drop shadow is everywhere, multiple desktop now can use different wallpapers, and spread window. All effects are enabled by default to make deepin aesthetic in all details.

Spread Window

Press Super+W and all running windows will be spread with smooth animation. As you can see, drop shadow beneath every window miniature makes the whole desktop more beautiful.

Drop Shadows

Every corner of deepin desktop has drop shadow. Yes, drop shadow always makes any desktop more beautiful. See the shadow beneath every icon, the Properties dialog, and the File Manager window itself.

16. Multiple Desktop

This feature is called Multitasking View and now it can use different wallpapers. It reminds me to the old Mandriva with KDE 3. It’s still beautiful as always with Super+S shortcut and a plus button on workspaces selection.

For those who don’t know, this feature allows you to have more than 1 desktop (called workspaces) and place different apps on different workspaces. You move your app window by dragging them from one to another workspace. It’s possible to work on browser in first workspace while your audio player on second and file manager copying huge files on third workspace. That’s why it’s called Multitasking View.

17. App Store

The Deepin Store is gorgeous as well. On Home page you get featured apps with huge artworks. These artworks and also the screenshots for each app are created by Deepin Team. I can say this is a huge and amazing effort.

Searching Software

Finding any app is very easy on Deepin Store. Just fire-up your internet connection and type some keyword. Here an example to find educational software via Deepin Store.

Installing Software

Install any desired app is very easy too by just click on Install button. Remember you need internet access to install any software. It’s very tidy and neat but I wish there will be a progress bar while installing.

18. Audio Recorder

This 15.4 features the new Deepin Voice Recorder. It’s similar to the old Sound Recorder featured on Ubuntu. But, this one is incredibly simpler with just one button on its screen, one action (to record), and it can play the recorded sound later. The simplicity is very clear here and it makes this app the easiest one to use on deepin 15.4 (besides the Deepin Boot Maker).


To record sound, click on red microphone button. It shows a realtime digital wave as indicator of a record being held.


After recording one, you can click on play button to hear the result. Again, it shows a realtime digital wave too as indicator.

19. Screencaster

Another new app comes in 15.4 is Deepin Screen Recorder. This DSR is similar to Kazam on Ubuntu that can record your screen visually as video. What makes DSR different is it’s included by default, and it’s incredibly simple, even simpler than Deepin Voice Recorder. DVR is simple but it still has a window. DSR has no window, it shows only a selection rectangle on desktop with only MP4 or GIF format choice on its center. I can grasp Deepin Team intention on including this, so that any reviewer can make review video faster and then instantly upload them to YouTube and blogs. It’s a very aesthetic and clever way to self-promoting deepin.

20. USB Image Writer

Good example to see deepin 15.4 simplicity design concept is this Deepin Boot Maker. See, there is only one function “Select an ISO image file” on one frame. Adding such software in deepin is pretty good strategy to help users install any OS including future version of deepin itself.

21. Help

Deepin Team made reading user manual amusing and and really visual. That’s a difficult job but they’re successful in doing that. On every deepin native app, go to menu > Help, and you will see its help. All documentations are graphical with many screenshots and icons, and again with drop shadows they become beautiful documentations. You will see the help for Deepin File Manager is arranged diligently and shown as pretty as possible, same goes another helps. The only native app that doesn’t have help is Deepin Calendar.

The underlying program of this documentation system is dman. This reminds us to UNIX man on console. In UNIX, you type command man program_name and Terminal shows the user manual. But in deepin, you type command dman program_name and the graphical user manual appears. Try to type dman deepin-movie and you should see help for Deepin Movie, and so on. The only difference here is that dman is graphical.

22. Terminal

Deepin Terminal reaches version 2.1 at 15.4. This terminal is simple outside but full-featured inside. It has Quake-mode (F2), a top-down terminal like Guake and Yakuake on GNU/Linux. It has a quick theme changer (shown below), split window (like Emacs or Terminix), custom shortcut keys, custom command (new feature), and remote management (new feature).

Custom commands look like this. It’s nothing new, just a visual shortcut for command you determine, but it’s still awesome. You can assign your favorite command (such as ping) with your own keystroke (such as Ctrl+Alt+G) and later invoke it anytime.

Remote management is nothing new as well, except its visual representation. You can make a shortcut to SSH login to your remote computers, for example, your own laptop (it should have openssh-server installed). To use it, just click on a shortcut and be connected. By this, you don’t have to type any command anymore. These two features aim for non-tech users so they can live daily life using GNU/Linux with less commands.


deepin 15.4 is really beautiful in every single detail. The beauty of deepin lies on its simplicity, drop shadow and translucency style, with completeness of feature. All the beauty cost only around 730MB of RAM at idle time. It’s so user-friendly until I believe kids can use GNU/Linux easier with this. It has its native applications that are fulfilling daily needs, complete in feature, and always with pretty look. The desktop menu understands the users, with greatly accessible features. The Control Center is great as well, making the users have complete control with less learning curve. I believe anyone formerly using Windows, MacOS, Android, even any GNU/Linux distro will be easy to switch to deepin 15.4.

Get Involved!

You can help deepin development by many ways! You can donate to deepin. You can get involved in coding (if you’re programmer), artistic works like making icons/themes/wallpapers, and also language translation. See Development page to join.

Technical Details

  • OS name: deepin
  • Version: 15.4
  • Release date: April 19th 2017
  • Kernel: 4.9
  • OS Family: GNU/Linux
  • Distro family: Debian
  • Architecture: 64 bit
  • ISO size: 2.6GB
  • Init system: systemd
  • Package management: apt, dpkg
  • Package format: .deb
  • Desktop environment: DDE 4.1.5
  • Developer: Wuhan Deepin Technology
  • Website:

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