post

A Visual Review to deepin 15.4 GNU/Linux Beauty


deepin 15.4 has been released on April 19th 2017. This review reveals the visual aspects of this beautiful GNU/Linux operating system. deepin is a very visual desktop OS where everything is accessible via GUI, and in 15.4 release it gets incredibly more user-friendly. The desktop and all native applications are very pretty, being unique with its own concepts, with simplicity on every layout. You will not find a desktop like this, not in MacOS, not in Windows, not even in Ubuntu, but only in Wuhan’s developed system: deepin. This review talks less on technical but more on visual appearance. I make this so all new users can see what’s wonderful about deepin.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

1. Overview

This is the user interface of deepin 15.4 with original wallpaper, bottom dock, and right sidebar. This review is going to examine its 3 main parts that are visually amusing: the desktop, the sidebar, and the dock.

Menu

The desktop menu appearance is fullscreen, not a cascading one like on KDE or Windows.

Login Screen

The login screen is also interesting. It shows simple design, with a centered login textbox, clock & date view on bottom-left corner. On lock screen (screen that locks your system after idling for certain time) you can still play audio (if Deepin Music is running behind) using control buttons on bottom-right corner. See play/pause and forward/backward buttons below.

2. Desktop Concept

User interacts with deepin via 3 main desktop components: the menu, the sidebar, and the dock. Every application window has top-left close button, with menu button on the titlebar. All user & system settings done via sidebar (called Control Center) that can be shown by pointer-pushing, click on gear button, or right-click on desktop. Shortcut icons can be placed on desktop. The dock position choices are 4 (top-bottom-left-right), and its visual choices are 2 (MacOS-like dock or Windows-like panel). By seeing these facts we can grasp the concept of deepin user interface that is mixing many aspects from Windows & MacOS.

3. Wallpapers

These are 24 new wallpapers for deepin 15.4. They’re stored at /usr/share/wallpapers directory. As you may know, this set of wallpaper is beautiful like always, with very nice photographic quality.

The way to change wallpaper is very familiar: right-click on desktop > Set Wallpaper > select one.

4. Memory Usage

It’s still important to see memory info although this review is less technical. For you’re curious, after freshly installed at idle time deepin 15.4 consumes around 730MB of RAM. It’s surprisingly low compared to its Beta Version (reviewed), lower than Ubuntu Zesty (1GB), Ubuntu Budgie (850MB). This 700MB is a cheap cost for its beauty, although deepin can’t beat Kubuntu Zesty (400MB) and Xubuntu (330MB).

Total

Surprisingly, deepin 15.4 consumes only around 730MB of RAM at idle time after freshly installed.

Details

To see more precisely, the most memory consuming processes here are python2 (48MB), deepin-wm (37MB), dde-launcher (33MB), and dde-dock (25MB). If you look closely, almost all hugest processes are deepin native’s, as a cost of its beauty. And you should notice that python2 at the top is a process that runs Deepin Screenshot (the program I use to take these screenshots).

5. Installer

deepin 15.4 features a new OS installer that is very simple and focused. The design reflects the 15.4 style that is translucent. This installer has similar steps to Ubiquity (the system installer of Ubuntu), but with username creation in the beginning and of course its visual amusement.

6. Sidebar

deepin has its own control panel as right sidebar, called Control Center. This sidebar covers all system settings, plus the awesome visual GRUB bootloader editor. The sidebar can be opened in 3 ways: by pushing pointer to bottom-right corner, by clicking on gear button, or by opening any component (e.g. right-click on desktop > Display Settings).

Bootloader Visual Editor

User can rearrange GRUB entries and change the background image from deepin sidebar. It’s very cool to see it could avoid non-tech users’ mistakes in editing GRUB manually. This feature is brilliant, I cannot find any other distro brings such feature. But again, Deepin Team made this simple and pretty, with just two slide buttons, a drag-n-drop picture to change background, and drag to rearrange entries.

System Details

If you want to see Details, OS version and hardware summary, you see it on sidebar. Scroll to the most bottom. It lies over License and Startup Menu entries. It shows generic info such as deepin version (15.4 Desktop), architecture (64Bit), processor & memory. It shows the name of deepin developer as well, Wuhan Deepin Technology.

6. Dock, Close Up

The dock has two modes, Fashion (default) and Efficient. Those are just the languages. Actually, Fashion is the MacOS-like dock, and Efficient is the Windows 7-like taskbar. Deepin Dock features multiple size selections (large-medium-small), locations (top-bottom-left-right), and smart hide (hidden-shown-smart). I can grasp the deepin dream here to attract both Windows and MacOS users by this feature. And furthermore, KDE and Cinnamon users might be interested to deepin by this.

8. Dock, Panel Mode

The panel mode resembles Windows 7 taskbar so much. I can understand this feature is for Windows users. You can enable this mode by right-click on dock > Mode > Efficient Mode. Again, this panel and its tooltips are translucent following 15.4 style and that’s beautiful.

9. Dock, Dock Mode

This is the default mode. It can also be placed on the 4 edges of screen. The dock has standard features like add & remove icons, eject disks, control sound volume, and session control (shutdown/logout).

10. Audio Player

deepin 15.3 can play MP3 by default using Deepin Music. It supports OGG audio as well. The interface is simple, with all buttons on bottom panel, without any menubar (so it’s different to Rhythmbox or Amarok). It supports favorite features such as playlist, shuffle, replay, lyric, resume from last position, and custom shortcuts. As you may guessed, Deepin Music is also simple in features, it doesn’t come with advanced features like equalizer, visualizer, speed control, repeat A-B, or such. Overall, this player fulfills the need of daily audio playing.

11. Video Player

Deepin Movie can play well-known format (MP4, FLV) and also libre format (OGV, WEBM) videos. This video player is simple on interface but complete on features. While playing video it hides all buttons and even titlebar, to make it similar to cinema, but one click reveals all buttons.

It may look simple, but it’s actually has many favorite capabilities: playlist, subtitle, fullscreen, preview tooltip (similar to YouTube), repeat, custom keyboard shortcuts, recent files, and play video from URL.

12. Menu

Menu in deepin has 2 modes: default and categorized. The latter is similar to Unity Dash on Ubuntu. You change menu mode by clicking on mode button on top-left corner. This menu is easy to navigate (it has only top-down movement) and easy to use. If you’re familiar with adding shortcut icon on desktop (Windows) or on Dock (MacOS), you’ll like this menu. Below I introduce you 4 awesome features of deepin menu.

You can add any icon to Dock by right-click > Send to Dock.

Also, you can add icon to desktop by right-click > Send to Desktop. This will give you the app shortcut on your desktop.


Beyond above two, you can also easily add any app to startup (will run every system starts) by right-click > Add to startup. This is a new thing on DE on GNU/Linux, because even Unity doesn’t allow you to add startup this easy.


The last and the best, you can uninstall any app by right-click > Uninstall > press Confirm while asked. This feature is incredibly user-friendly for most non-tech people (and we actually found this on Android) and deepin is the first to bring this on GNU/Linux desktops. You can imagine even kids and old people can use GNU/Linux by using deepin because the menu is very easy to control.

Anyway, by seeing the menu we can estimate that teaching GNU/Linux desktop to non-tech people using deepin will be easier too for us because its menu is undoubtedly easy. Good job, Deepin Team!

13. Icons on Desktop

If you missed icons on desktop while using another GNU/Linux or another desktop environments, something you loved so much on Windows, you’ll have it back on deepin 15.4. It doesn’t abandon this good feature, instead, it gives you amazing support from its menu (mentioned above). By using deepin you are not forced to “pin” icons only on panel, because you can place icons on both panel and desktop. Now you can quickly access again your favorite apps by your favorite method.

14. Right-Click on Desktop

When some desktop developers decided to run away from Windows by abandoning right-click on desktop, deepin gives this feature instead with beautiful translucent appearance. You can create new folder, auto-arrange icons, paste, select all, change wallpaper, change hot-corner, and change monitor settings. But please remember you don’t have Refresh button here because the desktop is refreshed automatically.

15. Desktop Effects

Drop shadow is everywhere, multiple desktop now can use different wallpapers, and spread window. All effects are enabled by default to make deepin aesthetic in all details.

Spread Window

Press Super+W and all running windows will be spread with smooth animation. As you can see, drop shadow beneath every window miniature makes the whole desktop more beautiful.

Drop Shadows

Every corner of deepin desktop has drop shadow. Yes, drop shadow always makes any desktop more beautiful. See the shadow beneath every icon, the Properties dialog, and the File Manager window itself.

16. Multiple Desktop

This feature is called Multitasking View and now it can use different wallpapers. It reminds me to the old Mandriva with KDE 3. It’s still beautiful as always with Super+S shortcut and a plus button on workspaces selection.

For those who don’t know, this feature allows you to have more than 1 desktop (called workspaces) and place different apps on different workspaces. You move your app window by dragging them from one to another workspace. It’s possible to work on browser in first workspace while your audio player on second and file manager copying huge files on third workspace. That’s why it’s called Multitasking View.

17. App Store

The Deepin Store is gorgeous as well. On Home page you get featured apps with huge artworks. These artworks and also the screenshots for each app are created by Deepin Team. I can say this is a huge and amazing effort.

Searching Software

Finding any app is very easy on Deepin Store. Just fire-up your internet connection and type some keyword. Here an example to find educational software via Deepin Store.

Installing Software

Install any desired app is very easy too by just click on Install button. Remember you need internet access to install any software. It’s very tidy and neat but I wish there will be a progress bar while installing.

18. Audio Recorder

This 15.4 features the new Deepin Voice Recorder. It’s similar to the old Sound Recorder featured on Ubuntu. But, this one is incredibly simpler with just one button on its screen, one action (to record), and it can play the recorded sound later. The simplicity is very clear here and it makes this app the easiest one to use on deepin 15.4 (besides the Deepin Boot Maker).

Recording

To record sound, click on red microphone button. It shows a realtime digital wave as indicator of a record being held.

Playing

After recording one, you can click on play button to hear the result. Again, it shows a realtime digital wave too as indicator.

19. Screencaster

Another new app comes in 15.4 is Deepin Screen Recorder. This DSR is similar to Kazam on Ubuntu that can record your screen visually as video. What makes DSR different is it’s included by default, and it’s incredibly simple, even simpler than Deepin Voice Recorder. DVR is simple but it still has a window. DSR has no window, it shows only a selection rectangle on desktop with only MP4 or GIF format choice on its center. I can grasp Deepin Team intention on including this, so that any reviewer can make review video faster and then instantly upload them to YouTube and blogs. It’s a very aesthetic and clever way to self-promoting deepin.

20. USB Image Writer

Good example to see deepin 15.4 simplicity design concept is this Deepin Boot Maker. See, there is only one function “Select an ISO image file” on one frame. Adding such software in deepin is pretty good strategy to help users install any OS including future version of deepin itself.

21. Help

Deepin Team made reading user manual amusing and and really visual. That’s a difficult job but they’re successful in doing that. On every deepin native app, go to menu > Help, and you will see its help. All documentations are graphical with many screenshots and icons, and again with drop shadows they become beautiful documentations. You will see the help for Deepin File Manager is arranged diligently and shown as pretty as possible, same goes another helps. The only native app that doesn’t have help is Deepin Calendar.

The underlying program of this documentation system is dman. This reminds us to UNIX man on console. In UNIX, you type command man program_name and Terminal shows the user manual. But in deepin, you type command dman program_name and the graphical user manual appears. Try to type dman deepin-movie and you should see help for Deepin Movie, and so on. The only difference here is that dman is graphical.

22. Terminal

Deepin Terminal reaches version 2.1 at 15.4. This terminal is simple outside but full-featured inside. It has Quake-mode (F2), a top-down terminal like Guake and Yakuake on GNU/Linux. It has a quick theme changer (shown below), split window (like Emacs or Terminix), custom shortcut keys, custom command (new feature), and remote management (new feature).

Custom commands look like this. It’s nothing new, just a visual shortcut for command you determine, but it’s still awesome. You can assign your favorite command (such as ping) with your own keystroke (such as Ctrl+Alt+G) and later invoke it anytime.

Remote management is nothing new as well, except its visual representation. You can make a shortcut to SSH login to your remote computers, for example, your own laptop (it should have openssh-server installed). To use it, just click on a shortcut and be connected. By this, you don’t have to type any command anymore. These two features aim for non-tech users so they can live daily life using GNU/Linux with less commands.


Conclusion

deepin 15.4 is really beautiful in every single detail. The beauty of deepin lies on its simplicity, drop shadow and translucency style, with completeness of feature. All the beauty cost only around 730MB of RAM at idle time. It’s so user-friendly until I believe kids can use GNU/Linux easier with this. It has its native applications that are fulfilling daily needs, complete in feature, and always with pretty look. The desktop menu understands the users, with greatly accessible features. The Control Center is great as well, making the users have complete control with less learning curve. I believe anyone formerly using Windows, MacOS, Android, even any GNU/Linux distro will be easy to switch to deepin 15.4.

Get Involved!


You can help deepin development by many ways! You can donate to deepin. You can get involved in coding (if you’re programmer), artistic works like making icons/themes/wallpapers, and also language translation. See Development page to join.

Technical Details


  • OS name: deepin
  • Version: 15.4
  • Release date: April 19th 2017
  • Kernel: 4.9
  • OS Family: GNU/Linux
  • Distro family: Debian
  • Architecture: 64 bit
  • ISO size: 2.6GB
  • Init system: systemd
  • Package management: apt, dpkg
  • Package format: .deb
  • Desktop environment: DDE 4.1.5
  • Developer: Wuhan Deepin Technology
  • Website: http://www.deepin.org/en/

More Info





Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/5Uqi2bJ1S1k/a-visual-review-to-deepin-154-gnulinux-beauty.html

post

Intellectual Discovery and Microsoft Feed Patent Trolls Like Intellectual Ventures Which Then Strategically Attack Rivals


Still unleashing trolls like Intellectual Ventures at competitors that are actually successful at selling products

A bat

Summary: Like a swarm of blood-sucking bats, patent trolls prey on affluent companies that derive their wealth from GNU/Linux and freedom-respecting software (Free/libre software)

PATENT trolls are not just a nuisance. Sometimes they are intermediaries. For instance, Ericsson used a patent troll in order to sue in London and it won earlier this month. Microsoft does something similar and they both go after devices that run Linux, albeit they attack these not directly. They want the ‘protection’ money without all the negative publicity this entails (brand erosion).

“They want the ‘protection’ money without all the negative publicity this entails (brand erosion).”IAM has published this blog post about “Intellectual Discovery” [sic; twice even, for both words], revealing that it feeds trolls that litigate in the Eastern District of Texas. To quote: “Document Security Systems (DSS) has filed lawsuits in the Eastern District of Texas alleging infringement of LED-related patents acquired from Intellectual Discovery. The assertion campaign – and its eventual outcome – could represent a major test not just for the embattled publicly traded IP company (PIPCO) model, but also for sovereign patent funds (SPFs) and third-party IP litigation funding at a time when pure-play patent monetisation has become riskier than ever before.”

Not too long ago we wrote that “Bascom Research is a wholly owned subsidiary of Lexington Technology Group, which announced its merger with Document Security Systems…”

“Microsoft would be too hypocritical to join Apple in complaints about Qualcomm (which does similar things to Microsoft on the patent front), so its meddling in complaints appear to have adopted a very familiar intermediary.”Bascom became better known for a CAFC case involving software patents (in their favour) — the very thing that CAFC usually bins straight away.

Microsoft would be too hypocritical to join Apple in complaints about Qualcomm (which does similar things to Microsoft on the patent front), so its meddling in complaints appear to have adopted a very familiar intermediary. William New covered this at IP Watch and Florian Müller had beaten him to it with this post based on a quick tipoff. To quote: “I just received–and wanted to immediately share–an open letter addressed by major automotive and information and communications technology companies to President Donald J. Trump, urging him to shield the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) from political interference that could derail the ongoing antitrust litigation in the Northern District of California against Qualcomm (this post continues below the document)…”

“Nokia is commercially if not medically/clinically dead, but Microsoft ended up scattering the company’s patents into the hands of patent trolls that Microsoft is able to control.”Worth noting are the non-corporate entities in there. Notice that Microsoft’s AstroTurfing front ACT is in there too. This is a bunch of patent thugs who now devise patent trolls as a weapon against GNU/Linux and Free/libre software, as we explained this month and last month [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13]. They have, for example, passed Nokia‘s patents to patent trolls like MOSAID (renamed since, after a lot of negative publicity) and today we learn that the Acacia lawsuit which we mentioned here the other day (Friday) utilises a bunch of patents from Nokia in fact! As Joe Mullin put it, the Microsoft-connected Acacia “uses ex-Nokia patents to sue Apple, phone carriers…” (that’s the headline).

The largest publicly traded patent-assertion company, Acacia Research, has launched a new lawsuit (PDF) against Apple and all the major cell phone carriers.

Cellular Communications Equipment, LLC, a unit of Acacia, has sued Apple, Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile. The company says that the five industry giants infringe four patents related to basic cell phone technologies. All four patents originated at Nokia, which has been sharing its patents in so-called “patent privateering” arrangements for some years now.

[…]

Another company using Nokia patents, MobileMedia Ideas, won a $3 million jury verdict last year. Nokia did a major deal with another patent-licensing company, Pendrell, in 2013.

Just witness the degree of corruption and recall what Microsoft entryism inside Nokia has caused (we have a lot more to say about it in the future). Nokia is commercially if not medically/clinically dead, but Microsoft ended up scattering the company’s patents into the hands of patent trolls that Microsoft is able to control. Quite a clever strategy… if you want to be evil.



Source link: http://techrights.org/2017/04/22/attacks-on-rivals-via-patent-trolls/

post

GNU/Linux Review: Kubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus



h2 { line-height: 150%; }h2.western { font-family: “Liberation Sans”,sans-serif; font-size: 16pt; }h2.cjk { font-family: “Noto Sans CJK SC Regular”; font-size: 16pt; }h2.ctl { font-family: “FreeSans”; font-size: 16pt; }p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }a:link { }

Kubuntu 17.04 has been released on April 13th 2017. This review introduces some aspects of Kubuntu from it’s appearance, memory usage, to default software and customization. It’s surprisingly more lightweight in memory use than Ubuntu Unity, with gorgeous and Windows-like look, with complete default applications. This Zesty Zapus release is a good start for any new user to choose Kubuntu as daily OS for personal and collective purposes. Enjoy Kubuntu!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

Note: this article is a review for Kubuntu 17.04. If this is not what you’re looking for, we have complete download links of all 17.04, how to install Ubuntu Zesty, and save bandwidth by using zsync.

1. Appearance

The desktop of Kubuntu 17.04 has traditional layout, closely Windows-like with bottom-left menu, bottom-right tray, and top-right close-max-min buttons. This type of desktop helps end-users adapting from Windows.
Overview
Look at the bottom panel and icons on wallpaper. You may add shortcut icons as many as you like on desktop (and also on panel) easily.
Menu
This menu can do search for installed applications, your folders, and you files (yes, with content-based search).
What about Super key? Yes, Kubuntu 17.04 supports Super key to open/close the menu by default. Surely this is more Windows-like and favorable for many users.
What about hot-corner? It’s still available but now it’s located at top-right corner not top-left anymore.
What about desktop effects? It’s activated by default and still configurable from System Settings.

2. Wallpapers

Kubuntu 17.04 did not hold any wallpaper contest so it doesn’t bring any new one this time. But this is the only one wallpaper available.

3. Memory

After freshly installed at idle time, Kubuntu 17.04 consumes around 400MB of RAM.
Total

It’s around 380-400MB of RAM at idle time.

Details
From Kubuntu running on my ASUS X44C 2GB, at fresh idle time, the most consuming processes are plasmashell (~100MB) and kwin_X11 (30-100MB). plasmashell is the program that runs the whole desktop, while kwin_x11 –as its name states– is the drawer of each window frame/decoration, and both of them are part of KDE Plasma.

4. Default Applications

Kubuntu 17.04 ships with complete set of daily applications. From mainstream desktop needs such as LibreOffice and Dolphin, to KDE Telepathy that supports many messaging protocols, until KDE Partition Manager to help you format/resize disk partition.
Category Program Name
Office suite LibreOffice 5.3
File manager Dolphin 16.12
Browser Firefox 52
Mail client Kmail 5.2.3
Desktop notes Knotes 5.2.3
App store Discover 5.9.4
Image viewer Gwenview 16.12
PDF reader Okular 1.0.3
Desktop environment KDE Plasma 5.9
Calendar Korganizer 5.2.3
Audio player Amarok 2.8
Video player Dragon Player 16.12
RSS reader Akregator 5.2.3
Personal information manager Kontact 5.2.3
IRC client Konversation 1.6
Disk management KDE Partition Manager 3.0
CD burning K3B 17.03
Java OpenJDK JRE 8
Phone sync KDE Connect 1.0.3

5. Repo

Kubuntu 17.04 uses the same repository as Ubuntu 17.04. So it provides more than 70000 packages you can install anytime. You can search/install software available using Plasma Discover app. This Discover on Kubuntu holds the same position as Ubuntu Software Center on Ubuntu Unity.
Discover
Installing Software
To install software in Kubuntu (for example: VLC Media Player): run Discover first > do a search for “vlc” > then press its Install button > enter your Kubuntu password. Make sure your internet connection is on and let it progressing. Once finished, you can access the installed VLC from menu. This modern method makes software searching and installation easier for end-users.
h2 { line-height: 150%; }h2.western { font-family: “Liberation Sans”,sans-serif; font-size: 16pt; }h2.cjk { font-family: “Noto Sans CJK SC Regular”; font-size: 16pt; }h2.ctl { font-family: “FreeSans”; font-size: 16pt; }p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }a:link { }
Sources.list
The sources.list content is all the same zesty as any other official flavor.

6. Audio/Video

By default, Kubuntu can play OGG, OGV, and WEBM (open formats). To play MP3 and MP4, Kubuntu needs additional programs to be installed. If you need one, just install VLC.

7. Documentation

Kubuntu 17.04 ships with offline and online documentations. The offline one is preinstalled, you can access it from menu > Help. In this Help Center you can read every help for every KDE Application, plus command line documentations (UNIX Manual Pages), and also GNU Info (Browse Info Pages). And, the online documentation is available at http://docs.kubuntu.org.

8. Customization

KDE Plasma, the desktop environment Kubuntu uses, is well-known for being the most customizable desktop on GNU/Linux. Thanks to KDE System Settings, Kubuntu desktop appearance and behavior can be changed easily by mouse clicks.
System Settings
To change the icon theme, go to Appearance > Icons > select one theme > Apply. To change the window decoration theme, to to Appearance > Application Style > Window Decoration > select one theme > Apply. To change the button style, go to Appearance > Application Style > Widget Style > select one style. Here I changed the default Plasma 5.9 theme into the old Oxygen theme.
Installing New Theme
In “Window Decoration” section for example, there is a Get new Themebutton. This connects you with the KDE online repository so you can search and install many themes available.
Shortcut Keys
You can make any shortcut key as you wish easily using System Settings. Access it from Workspace > Shortcuts > Custom Shortcuts.

9. Daily Life

Mainstream desktop purposes are already fulfilled by Kubuntu 17.04. You find here LibreOffice for your documents, Firefox and KMailfor browsing and emailing, Discover to find software, and the full featured file manager Dolphin to handle all your files. Furthermore, here you have the complete & user-friendly System Settings, the ability to compress & extract ZIP/TAR files using Ark, and you have decent disk management tool like KDE Partition Manager. It’s really a complete OS for daily desktop needs.
File Management
Kubuntu gives you the complete-featured file manager, Dolphin. It has all basic file management features, plus split view (F3) and multitab, support for MTP and tree-view. One of the most awesome feature is built-in terminal (F4) so you don’t need “right-click > Open in Terminal” anymore. Dolphin is very configurable and flexible, the best file manager you can see on GNU/Linux desktop.
h2 { line-height: 150%; }h2.western { font-family: “Liberation Sans”,sans-serif; font-size: 16pt; }h2.cjk { font-family: “Noto Sans CJK SC Regular”; font-size: 16pt; }h2.ctl { font-family: “FreeSans”; font-size: 16pt; }p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120%; }a:link { }
ZIP & Archive Files
This is Ark opening a ZIP file of Android Studio. You can also create ZIP file by right-click > Compress > select ZIP format on Dolphin file manager. Plus, Ark can also open any ISO image file for you.
KTorrent
Ubuntu features Transmission, while Kubuntu features KTorrent. This is the gorgeous BitTorrent download manager from KDE. While you need to download any GNU/Linux distro, audio & videos, or another big files via torrent, KTorrent is always ready for you to use.

10. Commercial Support

Kubuntu 17.04 offers commercial support via Emerge Open at http://kubuntu.emerge-open.com/buy. They say at the web page “… a team of dedicated full-time Kubuntu experts able to advise, consult, implement or fix any Kubuntu related requirements …”.

11. Technical Details

  • OS name: Kubuntu
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Support lifespan: 9 months (until January 2018)
  • Kernel: Linux 4.10
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Package management: Debian-based dpkg & apt
  • Package format: .deb
  • Architecture: 32 bit & 64 bit
  • Desktop environment: KDE Plasma
  • ISO size: 1.6GB
  • License: free software
  • Source code: CDIMAGE, Launchpad

Conclusion

Kubuntu 17.04 is a desktop OS that’s ready for daily use. It has lower idle memory use (400MB) than Ubuntu Unity (1GB) or Ubuntu Budgie (850MB) and offers Windows-like interface & experience, suitable for those migrating from Windows. Its default applications are complete and desktop-oriented, with good support for desktop customization through System Settings. The software installation is pretty easy using Discover, and this will be a new thing to explore for new users. I can recommend Kubuntu for any user using computer with 2GB of RAM or more, but not below. Be happy with Kubuntu Zesty!

Some Tips

Here’s some tips when you’re using Kubuntu 17.04:
  • Disable drop shadow (compositor): go to System Settings > Hardware > Display & Monitor > Compositor > uncheck the “Enabled compositor…” option. This saves your memory usage a lot, especially when you’re using memory-hungry Firefox 52 or above.
  • Disable Akonadi services: run $ akonadictl stop in Konsole. Surely this saves more memory.
  • Fix font appearance: go to System Settings > Appearance > Fonts > change Use anti-aliasing to “Enabled” > click Configure > change Sub-pixel rendering to “RGB” > change Hinting style to “Slight” > OK > relogin.

Get Involved!

If you’re interested to Kubuntu, you can contribute in many ways. You can donate to Kubuntu, or help coding & packaging, or translating the user interface, all you can learn from this link http://www.kubuntu.org/contribute-to-kubuntu/.

Release Notes





Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/7R7l4zpaCVQ/gnulinux-review-kubuntu-1704-zesty-zapus.html

post

deepin 15.4 Released, With Download Link & Mirrors


deepin 15.4 GNU/Linux operating system has been released at April 19th 2017. I list here one official download link and two faster mirrors from Sourceforge. I listed here the Mega and Google mirrors as well but remember they don’t provide direct download. The 15.4 provided only as 64 bit, the 32 bit version has already dropped (except by commercial support). I hope this short list helps you.

Note: at this time (April 20th) I cannot find any active ISO mirror (that provides direct link) available for 15.4. If you want to help deepin distribution, you can provide a deepin ISO mirror by following this guide.



Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/ZH06DYvnt6M/deepin-154-released-with-download-link-mirrors.html

post

How To Verify A Ubuntu ISO Image Checksum


Verifying checksum for a GNU/Linux image is similar to comparing fingerprints for human. It verifies that your downloaded Ubuntu image is valid or not. By valid here it means it’s 100% the same as the file on official server. Whenever it’s verified valid, then it’s OK for you to use it and further to redistribute. But whenever it’s not valid, it means the image is probably corrupted, broken, of even altered by somebody else. This short tutorial shows 3 steps to verify Ubuntu image for beginners.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

What You’ll Do?

You will extract the “fingerprint” of your downloaded ISO image and compare it to its official “fingerprint”.

1. Find the Checksum First

The official checksum values (“fingerprints”) are always available on Ubuntu image download server. They are just TXT files containing image file names and checksum strings. You get them from http://releases.ubuntu.com. You may choose between MD5SUMS, SHA1SUMS, or SHA256SUMS available. Any choice should be OK.

For example, these are checksum links for:

Latest version Ubuntu 17.04 (http://releases.ubuntu.com/zesty/):

MD5SUMS
SHA1SUMS
SHA256SUMS

The MD5SUMS content looks like below:

Old version Ubuntu 12.04 (http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/releases/precise/):

MD5SUMS
SHA1SUMS
SHA256SUMS

The MD5SUMS content looks like below:

2. Verify Downloaded Image

Extract checksum value from your Ubuntu image by running one of three commands: md5sum, sha1sum, or sha256sum. You see the command names are similar to the official checksum files meaning the result should be compared to respective checksum.

These are some examples for verifying a ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso image:

MD5SUM Command:

$ md5sum -b ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Result:

5f9c81873171bb716715c6a2ae8ff722 *ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso

SHA1SUM Command:

$ sha1sum -b ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Result:

14dd7b2c2766e6205ad71100ac99c90b1aa92d1c *ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso

SHA256SUM Command:

$ sha256sum -b ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Result:

acfcf1ab54946c67e99e0503c23385e697046fae45e393661d501100844d9a5d *ubuntu-mate-17.04-desktop-amd64.iso

The long, single alphanumerical strings are the hash checksum values. They are the “fingerprints”.

3. Compare Between Your Value and Official Value

Now you just need to compare your checksum value and its official one. The method is truly easy: copy the value > go to your browser > open the official value > Ctrl+F > paste > you should find the search matches. You just need to do this once, for example compare MD5 value with MD5SUMS, that’s enough.

Compare MD5 value with MD5SUMS:

Compare SHA1 value with SHA1SUMS:

Compare SHA256 value with SHA256SUMS:

4. How If The Comparison Failed?

While you find your value and the official values are different, it means your downloaded ISO image is not exactly the same as the one available on server. It may be corrupted, or not downloaded completely, or even broken. If that is the case you should re-download the ISO image from start.



Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/C5HdyILqVdk/how-to-verify-ubuntu-iso-image-checksum.html

post

How To Install Ubuntu Budgie 17.04


This is a simple guide to install Ubuntu Budgie 17.04. Because Ubuntu Budgie is a new comer to Ubuntu family, we believe this tutorial will be needed by many beginners. This will explain installation on a laptop by first preparing blank partitions to make it safer for most beginner users. This installation will need at least 20GB of disk space. The total time needed is only 10 minutes. It’s quick and easy with gorgeous OS Ubuntu Budgie. Enjoy!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

Note: this article is about installing Ubuntu Budgie 17.04. If you need something else, we have the review, complete download links for all 17.04 family, and how to cut download cost with zsync.

a. Preparations

Get Ubuntu ISO image. You can use zsync to cut download cost. Here the complete download links for 17.04.

Prepare 2 blank partitions: one at least 20GB will be main partition, and one (at your option) 1GB will be swap partition.

Prepare installation media: burn the ISO image into USB drive, this is the most common method today. You can use Unetbootin (Windows/Ubuntu), Disk Utility (Ubuntu built-in), or Multisystem.

Make backup: have full concentration while installing, don’t be sleepy, and make sure you’ve created backup for your important data.

Example: I prepared my /dev/sda4 70GB as main and /dev/sda3 2.5GB as swap. The bootloader will be installed to /dev/sda as the parent device for both main & swap.

b. Boot to Installer

After making the installation media, you should insert it into your computer > reboot > enter BIOS > change the first boot into USB drive (or CDROM if you use DVD) > save & reboot > on the Ubuntu Budgie live session welcome choose “Try Ubuntu Budgie”. On the desktop you should run the program “Install Ubuntu Budgie 17.04” so the installer window is ready.

1. Choose A Language

First step: select English on the language selection. However, if you see your mother language available, you can choose it instead.

2. Choose No Connection

Second step: choose “I don’t want to connect…” to make the installation process quick.

3. Choose No Downloading

Third step: make sure there is no check on “Install third-party…” so it won’t waste the time to do something you rather do it after install.

4. Choose Something Else

Fourth step: choose “Something else”. This gives you full control over all your disk partitions.

5. Create Main Partition

Fifth step: on the partition table, choose the main partition you’ve prepared > click “Change” > make sure the “Size” is 20GB or more > choose “Use as” = Ext4 > check on “Format partition” > choose “Mount point” = / > click OK.

6. Create Swap Partition

Sixth step: still on the partition table, choose the second, smaller partition you’ve prepared > choose the “Use as” = swap area > click OK.

7. Choose Bootloader Location

Seventh step: select disk location where the GRUB bootloader will be placed. Generally, the default choice is safe. However, to make it sure, it should be the disk where your main partition belong. So if your main partition is /dev/sda4 then the correct disk location will be /dev/sda. See that /dev/sda4 is a partition inside /dev/sda.

8. Start Installing

Eight step: begin the installation by clicking “Install Now”. Remember that by pressing this button you cannot go back. So make sure all your partitioning decisions are correct.

9. Determine Your Info

Ninth step: after clicking Install Now, the actual install will be performed, and you will be asked for 3 basic info:

9.1 Geolocation

Click on the map where you’re living. This determines your time & date setting, regional formats (such as money currency), and even holidays.

9.2 Keyboard Layout

Select your keyboard layout here. However, default selection is safe.


9.3 Username

Determine your username and password for Ubuntu here.


Waiting

After filling 3 personal info, the installation window will take you to see beautiful slideshow introducing Ubuntu Budgie. The total installation time is around 10 minutes only in my machine.

Installation Finished

Once finished, the installer will inform you. You have the choice to stay on the live session or just reboot. Now enjoy Ubuntu Budgie 17.04!





Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/qOGTie4nQw4/how-to-install-ubuntu-budgie-1704.html

post

GNU/Linux Review: Xubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus

Please welcome Xubuntu 17.04, a newly released GNU/Linux OS with very low memory consumption and pretty desktop interface. It ships with XFCE 4.12, Firefox 52, and LibreOffice 5.3. It consumes only around 330MB of RAM at idle time, very convenient for low-end and old computers. It provides complete and large number of software on official repository, a big win for powerful computers for serious purposes. Xubuntu 17.04 is released at same day as Ubuntu 17.04, April 13th 2017. And this is a review to introduce you how great Xubuntu 17.04 is.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

First Time to Xubuntu Zesty?

Don’t worry. You can have complete download links, how to install it (the steps are similar to Ubuntu Unity), know what to do after install, or use zsync to save bandwidth while downloading. Indeed, Xubuntu is a very user-friendly (and also machine friendly) operating system with huge comunity worldwide.

1. Desktop Overview

Here is the desktop interface of Xubuntu 17.04. It’s very traditional with cascading menu (plus a search bar) and also you can put app icons on desktop. This traditional concept really helps people who came from Microsoft Windows.

Default View

Icons on Desktop

What’s XFCE? XFCE is a desktop environment created by The XFCE Project for GNU/Linux and any other Unix-like OS. It blends simplicity and beauty, power and speed, so the user gets a low-resource desktop yet beautiful and customizable.

What’s Whisker Menu? XFCE has 2 types of menu, and Whisker is the greatest one. Xubuntu installs it by default as your top-left menu. Whisker is customizable and has more features.

How about Super key? Yes, Xubuntu supports Super key to open/close desktop menu. It’s the same as Unity or Windows.

Can I customize the interface? Of course and pretty well! Despite its calm & simplicity, XFCE is actually “the beast” when it comes to desktop art. See Xubuntu Settings and you’ll see them.

2. Wallpapers

These are Xubuntu 17.04 wallpapers. They’re the same as Xubuntu wallpapers for 16.04. Different to Ubuntu Budgie, there’s no wallpaper contest for 17.04. If you want to know more about this contest, see winners announcement. However, I must admit that I like this set more than Ubuntu Budgie’s and Ubuntu Unity’s one, especially Mountainous View by Sven Scheumeier. How about you?

3. Memory Usage

At idle time after freshly installed, Xubuntu 17.04 consumes around 330MB of RAM constantly. It’s a happy surprise to cost very small memory requirements while we can have a beautiful desktop, functional & powerful one in 2017. This beats Ubuntu Zesty (1GB), Ubuntu GNOME Zesty (1.4GB), and even elementary OS Loki (600MB). I can recommend Xubuntu 17.04 for all people as many as I can, including those having 512MB RAM computers or any Windows 10 user there.

Total

As you can see, it’s around 330MB out of 2GB RAM on my laptop.

Details

From my desktop, the top memory-consuming processes are Xorg (50MB), blueman-applet (50MB), and nm-applet (30MB). If you notice the picture above, actually we can safely disable blueman-applet and update-notifier to get lower memory use. The sum of them are still 1/3 of Ubuntu Unity and even almost 1/5 of Ubuntu GNOME, all Zesty versions. So Xubuntu’s still highly recommendable for old/low-end computers.

4. Default Applications

Xubuntu 17.04 ships with plenty of good free software.

  • Office suite: LibreOffice 5.3 (Writer, Calc, Math)
  • Web browser: Firefox 52
  • Email client: Thunderbird 45.8.0
  • Chatting: Pidgin 2.12
  • File manager: Thunar 1.6.11
  • Control panel: Settings Manager 4.12.1
  • Calendar: Orage 4.12.1
  • App store: GNOME Software 3.22.7
  • Terminal: XFCE Terminal 0.48
  • Media player: Parole 0.9.1
  • CD/DVD burner: Xfburn 0.5.4
  • PDF reader: Evince 3.24
  • Menu editor: MenuLibre 2.1.3

5. Repository

Xubuntu repository is the same as Ubuntu Regular’s one. So, there are more than 70000 packages available to install for Xubuntu 17.04. This huge numbers of package covers all human computing needs, anything from kids education until complex scientific calculations. You want graphic design tools, or video games, or audio editor, or programming libraries, just search them on repo. Xubuntu ships with GNOME Software to make searching & installing easy for you.

Our “App Store”

Looking for “games”

6. Audio/Video

Xubuntu by default can play MP3, MP4, OGG, WEBM, and FLV multimedia formats thanks to Parole Media Player. You are not required to install any external program anymore. Picture below shows Parole playing MP3 audio & FLV video files.

7. Desktop Customization

XFCE is one of the top customizable desktop environments. You can use its System Settings to do almost all customizations, like changing theme and icons; colors and style. This is a special part that should mentioned separately here.

Theme Changing

Altering installed themes is very easy on Xubuntu, thanks to its System Settings. As you see in picture below, by default I can change the window borders to translucent and the theme into Numix.

Menu Editing

Xubuntu ships with MenuLibre program to allow you add/edit menu entries. This makes end-users more comfortable because they can change any icon, change the command, or add new entry, especially for application that is installed manually (like Telegram).

Custom Shortcut Keys

Xubuntu has a very flexible way to edit shortcut keys and to add custom ones. Like picture below, I assign Super key to Whisker Menu (as you know in Windows).

8. Daily Life

What you need for daily computing? Most users will come with web browsing, text editing (office documents), email, graphic design, software development, or anything around such things. Also, people needs easy software installation system. Xubuntu fulfills those all needs.

Files: your daily life will occur on Thunar file manager. It has very simple interface, yet functional and lightweight as well (low memory use). Press F9 to hide/show sidebar, press Ctrl+L to type an address, right-click > Find in this folder to search a file, these are the simplicities offered.

Office documents: you have LibreOffice, the best free office suite available for all operating systems. It supports .docx/.xlsx,/.pptx as well as .odt/.ods/.odp documents. This is an example Writer opening .odt file of an UbuntuBuzz Ebook.

PDF reading: you have Evince. It’s a small yet functional PDF reader.

Browsing: you have Firefox, the well-known browser. Here’s some good addons recommendation for you.

Mail & RSS: config Thunderbird so can read your Gmail locally, without browsing. It has also RSS reader built-in.

Open in Terminal: Thunar supports right-click > Open Terminal Here to make your life easier anytime you need command line. This feature is very helpful whenever you need to follow a tutorial performing a command in specific directory, especially to install a single .deb package.

Desktop search: you have Catfish. It can search for any file on any folder you wish, and greater than that, search file contents (just like googling). Imagine you need a file you forgot the name, but you remembered the text inside, then Catfish is there for you.

CD/DVD creation: you have Xfburn. Imagine you sell CDs and you need program to burn files (like Nero Burning ROM on Windows), then you don’t need to stop your business, because Xfburn is there for you.

9. Documentation

Xubuntu 17.04 ships with a preinstalled complete guide book. It’s very cool! It’s available both in web page and PDF formats. It consists of 14 chapters arranged in user-friendly fashion. See picture below, left for PDF and right for Web, they’re the same documentation.

To access it:

  • Web: go to menu > Help > Firefox will show the page > click the “Official Documentation” link.
  • PDF: open the Document Viewer > open the PDF in /usr/share/xubuntu-docs/user/C/.

10. Technical Details

  • OS name: Xubuntu
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Release date: April 13th 2017
  • Support lifespan: 9 months
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Developer: Xubuntu Project
  • License: free software
  • Architecture: 32 bit & 64 bit
  • ISO size: 1.2GB
  • Desktop environment: XFCE 4
  • Init system: systemd
  • Source code: https://code.launchpad.net/ubuntu
  • Website: https://xubuntu.org

11. Conclusion

Xubuntu 17.04 is really beautiful and functional. I can recommend it for any of you that have only 1GB of RAM (while I cannot with Ubuntu 17.04), or any of you that have old computers, or even any of you that have powerful computers but doesn’t like the memory-hungry Unity or GNOME. For the same Zesty Zapus release, Xubuntu is clearly more lightweight than Ubuntu, Ubuntu Budgie, and of course Ubuntu GNOME. Xubuntu 17.04 fulfills both the daily life needs and the low-cost hardware requirements. And the last thing, the built-in documentation is complete and worthy for all users.

Release Notes





Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/sD2BVrQfGw4/gnulinux-review-xubuntu-1704-zesty-zapus.html

post

How I Learned that Skype is a Spy Campaign (My Personal Story) — by Yuval Levental


Guest post by Yuval Levental as part of the Skype is Spy Campaign

Skype

Summary: Skype is now tracking serial numbers, too

I first discovered Linux when I was 13 years old, and was amazed by it. I really enjoyed the freedom, security, and customizability. I only used Microsoft Windows when I didn’t have an alternative.

“I felt like they were watching my actions, and reading more about this issue confirmed my thoughts.”Last year, when I bought the current laptop I am using, it came with Windows 10 installed on it. I figured I would partition the hard drive in half and install Linux on one half, to see which operating system I would use the most. As it turned out, I would use Linux almost all the time without any extra effort. There was one exception, and that was Skype, which I used to video chat with some people on. However, one day, I tried changing my password, but that didn’t work. I even tried uninstalling and reinstalling Skype a few times, and for some reason that still didn’t work.

Many hours later, I found that changing the assigned virtual serial number finally let me log in to Skype. However, the hassle was immense, and I was shocked that Skype would be tracking my serial number. I felt like they were watching my actions, and reading more about this issue confirmed my thoughts.

This was the last time I ever used Windows 10 for personal use. Shortly after, I decided to finally fully switch to Linux. I hope that many people in the future will also switch to Linux, as Linux is far more advanced and potentially user-friendly than it was even just a few years ago. There is no better time than now to switch to Linux.



Source link: http://techrights.org/2017/04/17/skype-tracking-serial-numbers/

post

GNU/Linux Review: Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus


This is a review of Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus with both Unity 7 and 8 desktop environments. This release is beautiful as always, ready for serious use, and complete with more than 70000 packages on official repository. It will be supported for 9 months until January 2018. Finally, I hope this review helps people to find how Ubuntu is and what’s interesting from 17.04. Enjoy!

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.


Note: this article is a review of Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus. If you’re looking for another one about Zesty, we already have complete download links, how to install, what to do after install, and Ubuntu Budgie review. If you want to save your bandwidth, download Ubuntu using zsync.

1. Desktop Overview

This is the desktop appearance of Unity on Ubuntu 17.04. The default desktop you login at first time is Unity 7.

Running Desktop

As previous release, Unity desktop is still having contemporary control-buttons (top-left of window, instead of top-right). It uses Ambiance theme (black-oriented top bars & panel) and Ubuntu Icon Theme as the desktop art composition.

Desktop Menu (“Dash”)

There’s no changes for the Dash appearance, it’s still the same. And yes Unity supports Super key to open/close the Dash. The contents are categorized by Filters (right) and Lenses (bottom).

Dash showing apps
Dash previewing picture

2. Unity 8

This is the desktop interface of Unity 8. It’s preinstalled on Ubuntu 17.04 alongside the default Unity 7. To show Unity 8 you should logout, then choose “Unity 8” on login screen (click on little Ubuntu button upper the username), and login.

Running Desktop

As you can see, the desktop looks unique with different theme and also right sidebar (it reminds us to Budgie, right?). It has its own System Settings, different to the Unity 7’s one. The look and feel of this whole interface is very mobile-oriented.

Desktop Menu

If Unity 7’s Dash tends to spread horizontally, then Unity 8’s Dash tends to spread vertically. It’s a typical smartphone interface with touchscreen.

What’s Unity 8? It’s the next generation Unity prepared to “convergence” (one interface for both desktop & mobile computers.

How’s its future? Sadly, Canonical announces that they will stop Unity 8 development. But happily, there is Yunit the new Unity 8 continuation from Yunit.io Project.

How convenient is it? Many GUI programs don’t work on Unity 8, such as Nautilus. But GNOME Calendar works well. So it’s not ready for daily desktop use. I wish Yunit will go further making Unity 8 stable for daily life, like Unity 7.

3. Memory Usage

At idle time after freshly installed, Ubuntu 17.04 consumes around 1GB of RAM. It’s no difference to the previous version Ubuntu 16.10. For any desktop user, 1GB is often considered too huge although it’s still lower than Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 Beta 1 (idle 1.4GB). To compare it, there are even lower ones which are elementary OS Loki (600MB) and Neon with KDE 5.8 (350MB).

Total

It walks around 980-1000 MB at idle.

Processes

It’s almost like a tradition to see compiz as the most memory-hungry process. Here are top three: compiz 72MB, Xorg 26MB, and gnome-software 15MB. Often, compiz goes wild until more than 100MB.

4. Wallpapers

They are new beautiful wallpapers. These wallpapers are the winners of Ubuntu 17.04 Wallpaper Contest held on Flickr. If you’re a photographer and interested to know more about this contest, see Ubuntu wiki. My favorite one is Forest by Moritz Reisinger, how about you?

5. Default Applications

Ubuntu 17.04 brings newest GNOME 3.24 components and also new version of many applications.

  • Nautilus 3.20.4
  • LibreOffice 5.3.1
  • Firefox 50.1
  • Thunderbird 45.8
  • Ubuntu Software 3.22.7
  • Control Center 14.04.3
  • Shotwell 0.22
  • Snap 2.23.6
  • Transmission BitTorrent 2.92
  • Remmina Remote Desktop 1.1.2
  • NetworkManager 1.4.4

6. Repository

Ubuntu 17.04 provides really huge number of programs on its repo. It’s around 70000 packages available, all installable using APT or Synaptic. And don’t forget you can use user-friendly Ubuntu Software to install them.

Ubuntu Software

This is our “App Store”. All apps categorized in user-friendly format. You can also search any software.

Sources.list

Here is the content of /etc/apt/sources.list file. It lists the addresses of repository server used by Ubuntu 17.04.

Number of packages

By invoking $ apt-cache stats command we can see how many packages available on repo.

7. Daily Life

This part emphasize some info you may use as daily needs. Ubuntu 17.04 is a stable OS with complete set of software on repo, ready to use for any purpose.

Customization

Easy desktop customization can be done using Unity Tweak Tool. This tool covers many aspects of your desktop and change them quickly. Don’t worry, it can restore to defaults if you do any mistake.

Ubuntu also has a “Control Panel”, the System Settings. You change your basic system preferences here, like regional format, time, mouse/touchpad settings, monitor, etc.

Documents

You have the greatest free office suite on Ubuntu: LibreOffice. It supports both ODF and Microsoft Office documents. And it’s 5.3 on 17.04 so it has the ribbon-like Notebookbar.

Graphic Design

Plenty of free design tools are available on repo. Replace Photoshop with GIMP, CorelDRAW with Inkscape, and InDesign with Scribus. They’re available on repo.

Animation

It’s probably surprising that Ubuntu provides great 2D animation software as well as the 3D one. If you were a user of Macromedia Flash MX, you’ll like Synfig Studio and Tupi 2D. If you like 3D Studio Max, you’ll like Blender. They’re all available on repo.

Software Development

Ubuntu 17.04 includes both gcc and g++ compilers (6.3.0), both Python 2 and Python 3 interpreters (2.7 & 3.5), Perl (5.24), and also build-essential package is preinstalled. It means Ubuntu is ready for you to do programming for most languages. Besides, there are more devel tools available on repo such as OpenJDK and Eclipse, MonoDevelop, Qt Creator, and so on.

Image Mounter

Imagine you need to “mount” an ISO image file. You can do it instantly on Ubuntu 17.04 because there’s preinstalled GNOME Image Mounter program. See how easy it’s done here.

8. Mirror List

These are some local mirrors for 17.04 in some countries. By using this, your Ubuntu will download packages from server in your country instead of international server. You can find a nearest mirror to you from List of Ubuntu Archive Mirrors. Note: to use a mirror, just replace the URL on each line in your sources.list into one of these URL addresses.

Indonesia

Datautama Company http://kartolo.sby.datautama.net.id/ubuntu
Buaya Surabaya http://buaya.klas.or.id/ubuntu

Japan

University of Tsukuba http://ftp.tsukuba.wide.ad.jp/Linux/ubuntu
University of Toyama http://ubuntutym.u-toyama.ac.jp/ubuntu

United States

Kernel.org http://mirrors.us.kernel.org/ubuntu
University of California, Berkeley http://mirrors.ocf.berkeley.edu/ubuntu

United Kingdom

University of Kent http://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
University of Oxford http://mirror.ox.ac.uk/sites/archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu

9. Technical Details

This part shows some technical info about Ubuntu 17.04.

  • OS name: Ubuntu
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Release date: April 13th 2017
  • Platform: desktop
  • Architecture: 32 bit, 64 bit
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Support type: regular, nonLTS
  • Support lifespan: 9 month
  • Image size: 1.5GB
  • Init system: systemd
  • Display server: X11, Mir
  • Desktop environment: Unity
  • Source code: Launchpad, CDIMAGE

Conclusion

Overall, there’s no special changes inside Ubuntu 17.04 Zesty Zapus compared to previous version 16.10 Yakkety Yak. It’s still as user-friendly, complete (as in software packages), and suitable for daily-desktop-life as before. It’s ready for serious use at least on 2GB of RAM but I recommend you 4GB of RAM (like mine) to use Ubuntu 17.04 because it’s very flawless on it. However, sadly, Ubuntu 17.04 with built-in Unity 8 is not enough, not ready for serious use.

Contribute!

If you want to get involved in Ubuntu development, you can begin from Community Contribution Page. To report bugs, use this link. To join or see historical archive, see this list of all Ubuntu mailing lists. And to donate & help Ubuntu development financially see funding page.

Release Notes





Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/-VMPrarmHFQ/gnulinux-review-ubuntu-1704-zesty-zapus.html

post

Welcome Ubuntu Budgie 17.04: A Short Review


Ubuntu Budgie begins its debut as official Ubuntu family in 17.04 “Zesty Zapus” release. It’s a new choice of flavors with new desktop environment (Budgie) as operating system for us. Ubuntu Budgie is crafted purely for desktop use, no tablet-like interface (like Unity or GNOME), thanks to Budgie DE. So I want to introduce Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 to beginners especially if they’re new to GNU/Linux. I hope you’ll enjoy Ubuntu Budgie starting from this review.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

Note: this article is a review. If this is not you’re looking for, we have Ubuntu 17.04 all flavors complete download links, installation guide, and what to do after install. If you want to save your bandwidth, download Ubuntu 17.04 using zsync.

Summary

  • It comes with Budgie Desktop Environment and Plank.
  • It’s not mobile/tablet oriented (like Unity/GNOME), but crafted merely for desktop use.
  • It consumes around 850MB of memory at idle.
  • It comes with GNOME Software 3.22 and Calendar 3.24.
  • It supports audio/video playing with MPV player & Rhythmbox.
  • It gives user-friendly customization through Raven and Menu Editor.

1. Desktop Overview

Here is Budgie Desktop Environment (BDE) on Ubuntu Budgie 17.04. The main differences between it and Ubuntu regular is the desktop interface: UB uses Budgie and UR uses Unity, UB is purely desktop oriented while UR is more mobile-oriented. Furthermore, Ubuntu Budgie features Plank by default.

Super key? Yes, Ubuntu Budgie enables Super key to open/close desktop menu. It’s the same as Windows as well as Unity and GNOME.

What’s Budgie? Budgie is a desktop environment best known created for Solus OS by Ikey Doherty. Budgie is the whole desktop you see on Ubuntu Budgie. Its interface consists of two main component: top panel and Raven (right-vertical sidebar). Unlike Unity or GNOME, Budgie is never intended to be mobile-oriented interface.

What’s Raven? It’s the right sidebar of BDE. User can see notifications or do customizing on it.

What’s Plank? It’s the left vertical panel by default, a dock for apps. It can be placed on bottom to mimic MacOS dock or the legendary AWN.

2. Wallpapers

Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 features new wallpapers stored at /usr/share/backgrounds/. These are the wallpaper contest winners at February 2017.

3. Memory Usage

After freshly installed, at idle time Ubuntu Budgie uses around 850MB of RAM. Surprisingly the “biggest” processes are fwupd (~40MB) and gnome-software (~40MB), and they’re not original components of BDE itself. By this fact, it’s lower than Ubuntu 16.10 (1GB), Ubuntu GNOME 17.04 (1.4GB), and deepin 15.4 (1.GB); although it’s higher than KDE Neon 5.8 (350MB) or elementary OS Loki (600MB).

Total

Processes List

4. Built-in Software

Ubuntu Budgie brings mainstream applications like Ubuntu regular, with some differences:

  • LibreOffice (Writer, Calc, Impress)
  • Chromium Browser
  • GNOME Apps: Calendar, Photos, Books, Weather, Maps
  • Geary Mail
  • System Settings
  • Rhythmbox
  • MPV
  • Terminix

    5. Repository

    Being “official flavor” means having the same repository with Ubuntu original flavor. So all the software available for Ubuntu are available too for Ubuntu Budgie. There are more than 70000 packages available in official repo for 17.04. On Ubuntu Budgie, you can search/install them using GNOME Software.

    GNOME Software

    Repo Sources

    To see all enabled repository addresses, read /etc/apt/sources.list file. They are all the official Ubuntu repo for 17.04.

    6. Multimedia

    At default install, Ubuntu Budgie can play OGG & WEBM and also MP3 & MP4. All videos handled by GNOME MPV.

    Playing MP4

    Playing FLV

    Playing OGG

    7. Daily Life

    What makes Ubuntu Budgie different to Ubuntu regular and flavors would be your daily life experiences with it. Because of BDE, you’ll have unique desktop behaviors and customizations. This part emphasizes that briefly.

    Customizing Desktop

    It’s very easy on Raven (the right sidebar) with few clicks to –for example– change desktop icons, theme, panel, and add some applets. Raven brings new concept to custom themes/icons by sidebar, and Unity on Ubuntu Regular doesn’t have it.

    Customizing Menu

    Imagine you can change GIMP icon or add new icons or rearrange icons on menu. That’s the Menu Editor job. Ubuntu Budgie features this nice tool. It means you can create menu easily for any program you install manually, e.g. from AppImage, that is not automatically add themselves on menu. It’s very suitable for desktop users when software installation is not always come from official repo.

    Notification Bubble

    The bubble is playable. When you’re playing any audio, and you pause it, the bubble shows control buttons.

    Notification History

    All notifications don’t disappear but listed historically on Raven. On Ubuntu regular, there’s no notification history.

    Unique Terminal

    Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 features Terminix as replacement to GNOME Terminal on Ubuntu regular. Terminix enhances your experience by featuring tiled view, you can divide one screen into many screens side-by-side.

    Weather

    Ubuntu Budgie features GNOME Weather by default. By this app, you can check local weather while online. It can also check weathers from different locations you specified. It’s very helpful while you love travelling for example.

    8. Conclusion

    Ubuntu Budgie 17.04 is very user-friendly and complete for desktop use. By default install you get BDE, general tools for desktop needs, easy customization, and audio/video support. Ubuntu Budgie is new for Ubuntu users but really by these all it’s worthy for you to try.

    9. System Details

    This part lists some technical details about Ubuntu Budgie 17.04.

    • Kernel version: 4.10
    • GNU bash version: 4.4.5
    • Budgie 10.2.9
    • Nautilus 3.20.4
    • Chromium 56
    • LibreOffice 5.3.1
    • Snap 2.23.6
    • Terminix 1.4.2
    • Plank 0.11.3
    • GNOME Software 3.22.7 (it supports Flatpak & Snappy)
    • GNOME Calendar 3.24 (it supports week view now)

    Release Notes





    Source link: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/Ubuntubuzz/~3/LyIJBBP_nOo/welcome-ubuntu-budgie-1704-short-review.html